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Corporate yield spreads and real interest rates

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  • Batten, Jonathan A.
  • Jacoby, Gady
  • Liao, Rose C.

Abstract

The effect of inflation on the credit spreads of corporate bonds is investigated utilising real instead of nominal interest rates in extensions of the models proposed by Longstaff and Schwartz (1995) and Collin-Dufresne et al. (2001). Inflation is a critical, non-default, component incorporated in nominal bond yields, whose effect has not been considered by existing credit spread theory. In this sense the only true test of models of credit spread pricing must utilise real rates. To illustrate these requirements the Canadian bond data of Jacoby, Liao, and Batten (2009) is utilised. This Canadian data accommodates callability and the tax effects otherwise present in U.S. bond markets. The relation with historical default rates of both U.S. and Canadian bonds is also investigated since this approach is clean of both callability and tax effects. Overall, the analysis provides additional insights into the theoretical drivers of credit spreads as well as helping to explain observed corporate bond yield behaviour in financial markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Batten, Jonathan A. & Jacoby, Gady & Liao, Rose C., 2014. "Corporate yield spreads and real interest rates," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 89-100.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:finana:v:34:y:2014:i:c:p:89-100
    DOI: 10.1016/j.irfa.2014.05.009
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    1. repec:eee:reveco:v:51:y:2017:i:c:p:174-192 is not listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Credit spreads; Corporate bonds; Real interest rates; Reduced-form models; Structural models;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates

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