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Power markets in transition: Decarbonization, energy efficiency, and short-term demand response

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  • Mier, Mathias
  • Weissbart, Christoph

Abstract

Energy efficiency and short-term demand response are key issues in the decarbonization of power markets. However, their interaction and combined impact on market prices as well as on the supply side, is yet to be understood. We develop a framework to implement short-term demand response and investments in energy efficiency in detailed partial equilibrium power market models. We quantify our results using the EU-REGEN model for the European power market. Under an 80% emission reduction target, energy efficiency contributes only 11% of carbon emission reductions. Intermittent renewable energies such as wind and solar power account for the major share of 53%. In comparison to a scenario without short-term demand response and energy efficiency investments, 70 GW gas power is decommissioned immediately and 180 GW less gas capacity is needed in 2050, which underlines the need for immediate action by policy makers to avoid locking the EU power market into an inefficient path.

Suggested Citation

  • Mier, Mathias & Weissbart, Christoph, 2020. "Power markets in transition: Decarbonization, energy efficiency, and short-term demand response," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 86(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eneeco:v:86:y:2020:i:c:s0140988319304414
    DOI: 10.1016/j.eneco.2019.104644
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    Cited by:

    1. Geoffrey J. Blanford & Christoph Weissbart, 2019. "A Framework for Modeling the Dynamics of Power Markets – The EU-REGEN Model," ifo Working Paper Series 307, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
    2. Karen Pittel & Helena Cordt & Sandra Gschnaller & Mathias Mier & Valeriya Azarova, 2020. "Kurz zum Klima: Die Coronakrise und ihre Auswirkungen auf den Europäischen Emissionshandel," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 73(06), pages 67-71, June.
    3. Sen, Suphi & von Schickfus, Marie-Theres, 2020. "Climate policy, stranded assets, and investors’ expectations," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 100(C).
    4. Valeriya Azarova & Mathias Mier, 2020. "MSR under Exogenous Shock: The Case of Covid-19 Pandemic," ifo Working Paper Series 338, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
    5. Hlalele, Thabo G. & Zhang, Jiangfeng & Naidoo, Raj M. & Bansal, Ramesh C., 2021. "Multi-objective economic dispatch with residential demand response programme under renewable obligation," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 218(C).
    6. Azarova, Valeriya & Mier, Mathias, 2021. "Market Stability Reserve under exogenous shock: The case of COVID-19 pandemic," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 283(C).
    7. Sandra Giraldo & David la Rotta & César Nieto-Londoño & Rafael E. Vásquez & Ana Escudero-Atehortúa, 2021. "Digital Transformation of Energy Companies: A Colombian Case Study," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 14(9), pages 1-14, April.
    8. Tetyana Vasylieva & Vladyslav Pavlyk & Yuriy Bilan & Grzegorz Mentel & Marcin Rabe, 2021. "Assessment of Energy Efficiency Gaps: The Case for Ukraine," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 14(5), pages 1-14, March.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Energy efficiency; Demand response; Renewable energy; Dispatchable technologies; Energy modeling; Optimal dispatch; Investment planning;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • L94 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Electric Utilities
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q51 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Valuation of Environmental Effects

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