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How does the one belt one road initiative affect the green economic growth?


  • Jiang, Qichuan
  • Ma, Xuejiao
  • Wang, Yun


When formulating international trade agreements, policymakers should consider not only their trade-creation effect but also their impact on the environment. This paper is an examination of whether the One Belt One Road (OBOR) Initiative contributes to green economic growth. By combining the difference-in-difference model with the propensity score matching method and conducting a series of robustness tests, we found strong evidence to support the energy-saving and emissions-reduction effects of the OBOR Initiative. The energy-saving effect was 34.5%, while the emissions-reduction effect was 36.4%. The results of various heterogeneity tests show that developing countries tend to benefit more from the OBOR Initiative than developed ones, enjoying greater trade-creation effects. We also revealed the influencing mechanism of the policy based on the results of a mediating effect analysis, and the empirical results demonstrated that technology spillover played the most significant role in reducing levels of energy consumption and carbon emissions, followed by updates to the industrial structure and the promotion of green trade among the participating countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Jiang, Qichuan & Ma, Xuejiao & Wang, Yun, 2021. "How does the one belt one road initiative affect the green economic growth?," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 101(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eneeco:v:101:y:2021:i:c:s0140988321003224
    DOI: 10.1016/j.eneco.2021.105429

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    1. Shi, Qiaoling & Zhao, Yuhuan & Qian, Zhiling & Zheng, Lu & Wang, Song, 2022. "Global value chains participation and carbon emissions: Evidence from Belt and Road countries," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 310(C).
    2. Guozhen Gao & Jinmiao Hu & Yuanyuan Wang & Guofeng Wang, 2022. "Regional Inequalities and Influencing Factors of Residents’ Health in China: Analysis from the Perspective of Opening-Up," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 19(19), pages 1-17, September.
    3. Peizhu Xin & Min Zhao & Yang Bai, 2022. "Does the Belt and Road Initiative Promote Green Innovation Quality? Evidence from Chinese Cities," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(10), pages 1-19, May.

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