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Value-added exports and U.S. local labor markets: Does China really matter?

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  • Shen, Leilei
  • Silva, Peri

Abstract

In this paper, our main focus is the direct contribution of the Chinese economy to changes in U.S. labor market outcomes. Our results indicate that the effects of continuously rising value-added exports from China to the U.S. depend on the position of the Chinese exporting industry in the global value chain. In particular, we find that an increase in U.S. exposure to value-added exports from China in industries with high degree of downstreamness leads to negative effects on the share of manufacturing employment, while the same is not present in the case of industries with low degree of downstreamness. Moreover, our results also suggest that the effects of an increase in U.S. exposure to value-added exports from China on average wages and on unemployment levels depends on the position of the Chinese industry in the global value chain.

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  • Shen, Leilei & Silva, Peri, 2018. "Value-added exports and U.S. local labor markets: Does China really matter?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 479-504.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:101:y:2018:i:c:p:479-504
    DOI: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2017.10.009
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    Cited by:

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    2. Valentine Fays & Benoit Mahy & François Rycx, 2021. "Wage Differences According to Workers’ Origin: The Role of Working More Upstream in GVCs," Working Papers CEB 21-016, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    3. Léa Marchal & Giulia Sabbadini, 2021. "Immigrant Workers, Firm Export Performance and Import Competition," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-03182662, HAL.
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    5. Jakubik, Adam & Stolzenburg, Victor, 2018. "The "China shock" revisited: Insights from value added trade flows," WTO Staff Working Papers ERSD-2018-10, World Trade Organization (WTO), Economic Research and Statistics Division.
    6. Léa Marchal & Giulia Sabbadini, 2021. "Immigrant Workers, Firm Export Performance and Import Competition," Post-Print halshs-03182662, HAL.
    7. Thomas Ferguson & Benjamin Page & Jacob Rothschild & Jie Chen & Arturo Chang, 2018. "The Economic and Social Roots of Populist Rebellion: Support for Donald Trump in 2016," Working Papers Series 83, Institute for New Economic Thinking.
    8. Dagmara Nikulin & Joanna Wolszczak-Derlacz & Aleksandra Parteka, 2019. "Working Conditions In Global Value Chains.Evidence For European Employees," GUT FME Working Paper Series A 54, Faculty of Management and Economics, Gdansk University of Technology.
    9. Robert C. Feenstra & Akira Sasahara, 2018. "The ‘China shock,’ exports and U.S. employment: A global input–output analysis," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(5), pages 1053-1083, November.
    10. McManus, T. Clay & Schaur, Georg, 2016. "The effects of import competition on worker health," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 160-172.
    11. Raymond Robertson & Timothy J. Halliday & Sindhu Vasireddy, 2020. "Labour market adjustment to third‐party competition: Evidence from Mexico," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(7), pages 1977-2006, July.
    12. Aleksandra Parteka & Joanna Wolszczak-Derlacz, 2019. "Global Value Chains and Wages: Multi-Country Evidence from Linked Worker-Industry Data," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 30(3), pages 505-539, July.
    13. Sasahara, Akira, 2019. "Explaining the employment effect of exports: Value-added content matters," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 1-21.
    14. Leilei Shen, 2017. "Global sourcing and credit constraints," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 50(3), pages 778-803, August.
    15. Aleksandra Parteka & Joanna Wolszczak-Derlacz & Dagmara Nikulin, 2021. "How digital technology affects working conditions in globally fragmented production chains: evidence from Europe," GUT FME Working Paper Series A 66, Faculty of Management and Economics, Gdansk University of Technology.
    16. Lake, James & Millimet, Daniel L., 2016. "Good Jobs, Bad Jobs: What's Trade Got To Do With It?," IZA Discussion Papers 9814, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    17. Nicola Gagliardi & Benoît Mahy & François Rycx, 2021. "Upstreamness, Wages and Gender: Equal Benefits for All?," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 59(1), pages 52-83, March.
    18. Huber, Katrin & Winkler, Erwin, 2019. "All you need is love? Trade shocks, inequality, and risk sharing between partners," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 111(C), pages 305-335.
    19. Léa Marchal & Giulia Sabbadini, 2021. "Immigrant Workers, Firm Export Performance and Import Competition," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 21007, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Value-added exports; Employment; Wages;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand

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