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Economic and spatial determinants of interregional migration in Kazakhstan

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  • Aldashev, Alisher
  • Dietz, Barbara

Abstract

In this paper we analyze economic and spatial determinants of interregional migration in Kazakhstan using quarterly panel data on region to region migration in 2008–2010. The main contribution of the paper relates to the ethnic divide in Kazakhstan, which is the home of a big ethnic Russian community, adding to the scarce literature on ethnic differences in migration patterns. Against this background we investigate whether the determinants of interregional mobility depend on ethnicity. In line with traditional economic theory we find that migration is determined by economic factors, first of all wage. As predicted by gravity arguments, mobility is larger between more populated regions and distance has a strong negative impact on migration, indicating high migration-related costs. Most likely caused by stronger family ties and kinship bonds, the deterring effect of distance is higher for ethnic Kazakhs.

Suggested Citation

  • Aldashev, Alisher & Dietz, Barbara, 2014. "Economic and spatial determinants of interregional migration in Kazakhstan," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 379-396.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecosys:v:38:y:2014:i:3:p:379-396
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ecosys.2013.10.004
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:jcecon:v:45:y:2017:i:3:p:605-621 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Akarca, Ali T. & Tansel, Aysit, 2012. "Southwest as the new internal migration destination in Turkey," MPRA Paper 65898, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 20 Jul 2015.
    3. Gang, Ira N. & Schmillen, Achim, 2017. "Sometimes, winners lose: Economic disparity and indigenization in Kazakhstan," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(3), pages 605-621.
    4. Maria Ravlik, 2014. "Determinants Of International Migration: A Global Analysis," HSE Working papers WP BRP 52/SOC/2014, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
    5. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:3:p:618-:d:133804 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Verônica De Castro Lameira & Eduardo Gonçalves & Ricardo Da Silva Freguglia, 2016. "Migratory Effectiveness In The Labor Market: Evidence From Brazil," Anais do XLIII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 43rd Brazilian Economics Meeting] 228, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    7. An, Galina & Becker, Charles M., 2013. "Uncertainty, Insecurity, and Emigration from Kazakhstan to Russia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 44-66.
    8. Michael P. Cameron & Jacques Poot, 2018. "The Estimation and Interpretation of Coefficients in Panel Gravity Models of Migration," Working Papers in Economics 18/01, University of Waikato.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Interregional migration; Kazakhstan; Gravity model;

    JEL classification:

    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • P36 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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