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Regional labor market dynamics in Europe

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  • Decressin, Jorg
  • Fatas, Antonio

Abstract

The paper investigates regional labour markets dynamics in Europe and compares the results to those obtained for the United States. It analyses to what extent regional employment dynamics are common to all regions in Europe and to all states in the United States. It finds that a higher proportion of movements in employment growth is common to all US states than to all EEC regions. Next, the paper studies the adjustment mechanisms that a typical region specific shock triggers. It shows that for Europe, for the first three years, most of the shock is absorbed by changes in the participation rate while, in the United States, it is immediately reflected in migration. Surprisingly, in both cases, the unemployment rate plays a small role, suggesting the presence of natural unemployment rates at the regional level.
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Suggested Citation

  • Decressin, Jorg & Fatas, Antonio, 1995. "Regional labor market dynamics in Europe," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(9), pages 1627-1655, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:39:y:1995:i:9:p:1627-1655
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Eichengreen, Barry, 1990. "Is Europe an Optimum Currency Area?," Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt40m5g6pp, Department of Economics, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
    2. Olivier Jean Blanchard & Lawrence F. Katz, 1992. "Regional Evolutions," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 23(1), pages 1-76.
    3. Murphy, Kevin M & Topel, Robert H, 2002. "Estimation and Inference in Two-Step Econometric Models," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 20(1), pages 88-97, January.
    4. Stockman, Alan C., 1988. "Sectoral and national aggregate disturbances to industrial output in seven European countries," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(2-3), pages 387-409.
    5. Eichengreen, Barry, 1990. "Costs and Benefits of European Monetary Unification," Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt2r11b5x1, Department of Economics, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
    6. Samuel Bentolila, "undated". "Internal migration in Spain," Working Papers 2001-07, FEDEA.
    7. Cohen, Daniel & Wyplosz, Charles, 1989. "The European Monetary Union: An Agnostic Evaluation," CEPR Discussion Papers 306, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    8. De Grauwe, Paul & Vanhaverbeke, Wim, 1991. "Is Europe an Optimum Currency Area? Evidence from Regional Data," CEPR Discussion Papers 555, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F2 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business
    • J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics

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