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Regional labor market dynamics in Europe

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  • Decressin, Jorg
  • Fatas, Antonio

Abstract

The paper investigates regional labour markets dynamics in Europe and compares the results to those obtained for the United States. It analyses to what extent regional employment dynamics are common to all regions in Europe and to all states in the United States. It finds that a higher proportion of movements in employment growth is common to all US states than to all EEC regions. Next, the paper studies the adjustment mechanisms that a typical region specific shock triggers. It shows that for Europe, for the first three years, most of the shock is absorbed by changes in the participation rate while, in the United States, it is immediately reflected in migration. Surprisingly, in both cases, the unemployment rate plays a small role, suggesting the presence of natural unemployment rates at the regional level.
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Suggested Citation

  • Decressin, Jorg & Fatas, Antonio, 1995. "Regional labor market dynamics in Europe," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(9), pages 1627-1655, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:39:y:1995:i:9:p:1627-1655
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    1. Barry Eichengreen, 1992. "Is Europe an Optimum Currency Area?," Palgrave Macmillan Books, in: Silvio Borner & Herbert Grubel (ed.), The European Community after 1992, chapter 8, pages 138-161, Palgrave Macmillan.
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    4. Stockman, Alan C., 1988. "Sectoral and national aggregate disturbances to industrial output in seven European countries," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(2-3), pages 387-409.
    5. Eichengreen, Barry, 1990. "Costs and Benefits of European Monetary Unification," Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt2r11b5x1, Department of Economics, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
    6. Paul De Grauwe & Wim Vanhaverbeke, 2014. "Is Europe an Optimum Currency Area? Evidence from Regional Data," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: Exchange Rates and Global Financial Policies, chapter 8, pages 231-252, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
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    8. Cohen, Daniel & Wyplosz, Charles, 1989. "The European Monetary Union: An Agnostic Evaluation," CEPR Discussion Papers 306, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F2 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business
    • J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics

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