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Institutional quality and environmental pollution: MENA countries versus the rest of the world

Author

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  • Goel, Rajeev K.
  • Herrala, Risto
  • Mazhar, Ummad

Abstract

Using data for over 100 nations over the years 2004–2007, this study examines the effect, of institutional quality on environmental pollution, focusing primarily on influences of corruption, and the shadow economy, and paying special attention to MENA countries. Controlling for a, number of factors, results show that both more corrupt nations and nations with large shadow sectors have qualitatively and quantitatively similar effects in yielding fewer (recorded) emissions; however, MENA nations have higher pollution rates. Policy implications are noted.

Suggested Citation

  • Goel, Rajeev K. & Herrala, Risto & Mazhar, Ummad, 2013. "Institutional quality and environmental pollution: MENA countries versus the rest of the world," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 508-521.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecosys:v:37:y:2013:i:4:p:508-521
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ecosys.2013.04.002
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Garas, Antonios & Guthmuller, Sophie & Lapatinas, Athanasios, 2019. "The development of nations conditions the disease space," Working Papers 2019-09, Joint Research Centre, European Commission (Ispra site).
    2. Goel, Rajeev K. & Saunoris, James W., 2014. "Military versus non-military government spending and the shadow economy," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 350-359.
    3. repec:kap:enreec:v:68:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s10640-016-0019-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Knobel, Alexander (Кнобель, Александр) & Chokaev, Bekhan (Чокаев, Бекхан) & Mironov, Alexey (Миронов, Алексей), 2015. "Comparative Analysis of the Effectiveness of Public Spending in the Field of National Defense and Law Enforcement
      [Сравнительный Анализ Эффективности Госрасходов В Сфере Национальной Обороны И Прав
      ," Published Papers mn47, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
    5. Arminen, Heli & Menegaki, Angeliki N., 2019. "Corruption, climate and the energy-environment-growth nexus," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 621-634.
    6. Lapatinas, Athanasios & Garas, Antonios & Boleti, Eirini & Kyriakou, Alexandra, 2019. "Economic complexity and environmental performance: Evidence from a world sample," MPRA Paper 92833, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Jeong Hwan Bae & Dmitriy D. Li & Meenakshi Rishi, 2017. "Determinants of CO emission for post-Soviet Union independent countries," Climate Policy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(5), pages 591-615, July.
    8. repec:ijb:journl:v:16:y:2017:i:1:p:49-74 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Wang, Zhaohua & Danish, & Zhang, Bin & Wang, Bo, 2018. "The moderating role of corruption between economic growth and CO2 emissions: Evidence from BRICS economies," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 148(C), pages 506-513.
    10. You, Wan-Hai & Zhu, Hui-Ming & Yu, Keming & Peng, Cheng, 2015. "Democracy, Financial Openness, and Global Carbon Dioxide Emissions: Heterogeneity Across Existing Emission Levels," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 189-207.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Environment; Pollution; Institutions; Shadow economy; Corruption; MENA;

    JEL classification:

    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
    • P48 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Political Economy; Legal Institutions; Property Rights; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Regional Studies

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