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A test of cross section dependence for a linear dynamic panel model with regressors

  • Sarafidis, Vasilis
  • Yamagata, Takashi
  • Robertson, Donald

This paper proposes a new testing procedure for detecting error cross section dependence after estimating a linear dynamic panel data model with regressors using the generalised method of moments (GMM). The test is valid when the cross-sectional dimension of the panel is large relative to the time series dimension. Importantly, our approach allows one to examine whether any error cross section dependence remains after including time dummies (or after transforming the data in terms of deviations from time-specific averages), which will be the case under heterogeneous error cross section dependence. Finite sample simulation-based results suggest that our tests perform well, particularly the version based on the [Blundell, R., Bond, S., 1998. Initial conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data models. Journal of Econometrics 87, 115-143] system GMM estimator. In addition, it is shown that the system GMM estimator, based only on partial instruments consisting of the regressors, can be a reliable alternative to the standard GMM estimators under heterogeneous error cross section dependence. The proposed tests are applied to employment equations using UK firm data and the results show little evidence of heterogeneous error cross section dependence.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Econometrics.

Volume (Year): 148 (2009)
Issue (Month): 2 (February)
Pages: 149-161

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Handle: RePEc:eee:econom:v:148:y:2009:i:2:p:149-161
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jeconom

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