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The Measurement Error Problem in Dynamic Panel Data Analysis: Modeling and GMM Estimation

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  • Biørn, Erik

    () (Dept. of Economics, University of Oslo)

Abstract

The Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) is discussed for handling the joint occurrence of fixed effects and random measurement errors in an autoregressive panel data model. Finite memory of disturbances, latent regressors and measurement errors is assumed. Two specializations of GMM are considered: (i) using instruments (IVs) in levels for a differenced version of the equation, (ii) using IVs in differences for an equation in levels. Index sets for lags and lags are convenient in examining how the potential IV set, satisfying orthogonality and rank conditions, changes when the memory pattern changes. The joint occurrence of measurement errors with long memory may sometimes give an IV-set too small to make estimation possible. On the other hand, problems of ‘IV proliferation’ and ‘weak IVs’ may arise unless the time-series length is small. An application based on data for (log-transformed) capital stock and output from Norwegian manufacturing firms is discussed. Finite sample biases and IV quality are illustrated by Monte Carlo simulations. Overall, with respect to bias and IV strength, GMM inference using the level version of the equation seems superior to inference based on the equation in differences.

Suggested Citation

  • Biørn, Erik, 2012. "The Measurement Error Problem in Dynamic Panel Data Analysis: Modeling and GMM Estimation," Memorandum 02/2012, Oslo University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:osloec:2012_002
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    File URL: https://www.sv.uio.no/econ/english/research/unpublished-works/working-papers/pdf-files/2012/Memo-02-2012.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Panel data; Measurement error; Dynamic modeling; ARMA model; GMM; Monte Carlo simulation;

    JEL classification:

    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth

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