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The effect of degree attainment on arrests: Evidence from a randomized social experiment

Author

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  • Amin, Vikesh
  • Flores, Carlos A.
  • Flores-Lagunes, Alfonso
  • Parisian, Daniel J.

Abstract

We examine the effect of educational attainment on criminal behavior using random assignment into Job Corps (JC)—the United States’ largest education and vocational training program for disadvantaged youth—as a source of exogenous variability in educational attainment. We allow such random assignment to violate the exclusion restriction when used as an instrument by employing nonparametric bounds. The attainment of a degree is estimated to reduce arrest rates by at most 11.8 percentage points (about 32.6%). We also find suggestive evidence that the effects may be larger for males relative to females, and larger for black males relative to white males. Remarkably, our 95% confidence intervals on the causal effect of education on arrests are very similar to those from studies exploiting changes in compulsory schooling laws as an instrumental variable (e.g., Lochner and Moretti, 2004), despite our use of a different source of exogenous variation, methodology, and sample.

Suggested Citation

  • Amin, Vikesh & Flores, Carlos A. & Flores-Lagunes, Alfonso & Parisian, Daniel J., 2016. "The effect of degree attainment on arrests: Evidence from a randomized social experiment," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 259-273.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecoedu:v:54:y:2016:i:c:p:259-273
    DOI: 10.1016/j.econedurev.2016.02.006
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Nguyen, Hieu T.M., 2019. "Do more educated neighbourhoods experience less property crime? Evidence from Indonesia," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 27-37.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Education and crime; Nonparametric bounds;

    JEL classification:

    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law

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