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Conscription and Military Service: Do They Result in Future Violent and Non-Violent Incarcerations and Recidivism?

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  • Wang, Xintong
  • Flores-Lagunes, Alfonso

Abstract

Employing nonparametric bounds, we examine the effect of military service on incarceration outcomes using the Vietnam draft lotteries as a possibly invalid instrumental variable for military service. The draft is allowed to have a direct effect on the outcomes independently of military service, disposing of the exclusion restriction. We find: (i) suggestive but not strong statistical evidence that the direct effect of the draft increases the incarceration rate for violent offenses for a particular cohort of draft avoiders, and (ii) military service increases the incarceration rate for violent and nonviolent crimes of white volunteers and veterans in certain birth cohorts.

Suggested Citation

  • Wang, Xintong & Flores-Lagunes, Alfonso, 2021. "Conscription and Military Service: Do They Result in Future Violent and Non-Violent Incarcerations and Recidivism?," GLO Discussion Paper Series 751, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:751
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Conscription; Military Service; Incarceration; Crime; Nonparametric Bounds;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • K4 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior
    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • C36 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation

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