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The dynamics of hours worked and technology

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  • Cantore, Cristiano
  • Ferroni, Filippo
  • León-Ledesma, Miguel A.

Abstract

The response of hours worked to technology shocks in the postwar US economy has increased over time. We offer a structural interpretation of this important time-varying macroeconomic moment. The time varying patterns captured by a structural VAR are consistent with those obtained from a parsimonious RBC model with a less than unitary elasticity of substitution between capital and labour (σ). The observed changes in the response of hours are attributable to increases in the magnitude of the degree of capital-labour substitution. Finally, we conjecture that the observed time-variation in σ is related to changes in the skill composition of the work force and biases in technological change.

Suggested Citation

  • Cantore, Cristiano & Ferroni, Filippo & León-Ledesma, Miguel A., 2017. "The dynamics of hours worked and technology," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 67-82.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:dyncon:v:82:y:2017:i:c:p:67-82
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jedc.2017.05.009
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Real business cycles models; Constant elasticity of substitution production function; Hours worked; Technology shocks;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E37 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods

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