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International differences in emissions intensity and emissions content of global trade

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  • Douglas, Stratford
  • Nishioka, Shuichiro

Abstract

Understanding international differences in the emissions intensity of trade and production is essential to understanding the effects of greenhouse gas limitation policies. We develop data on emissions from 41 industrial sectors in 39 countries and estimate the CO2 emissions intensity of production and trade. We find no evidence that developing countries specialize in emissions-intensive sectors; instead, our evidence suggests that emissions intensities differ systematically across countries because of differences in production techniques. Our results confirm that international differences in emissions intensity are substantial, but suggest that they do not play a significant factor in determining patterns of trade.

Suggested Citation

  • Douglas, Stratford & Nishioka, Shuichiro, 2012. "International differences in emissions intensity and emissions content of global trade," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(2), pages 415-427.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:99:y:2012:i:2:p:415-427 DOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2012.05.003
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    2. Francesca Sanna-Randaccio & Roberta Sestini & Ornella Tarola, 2014. "Unilateral Climate Policy and Foreign Direct Investment with Firm and Country Heterogeneity," Working Papers 2014.55, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
    3. Margarida R. Alves & Victor Moutinho, 2013. "Decomposition analysis for energy-related CO2 emissions intensity over 1996-2009 in Portuguese Industrial Sectors," CEFAGE-UE Working Papers 2013_10, University of Evora, CEFAGE-UE (Portugal).
    4. Honma, Satoshi & Yoshida, Yushi, 2017. "Convergence in pollution terms of trade," MPRA Paper 78810, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Denise Imori & Joaquim Guilhoto, 2015. "Tracing Brazilian regions? CO2 emissions in domestic and global trade," ERSA conference papers ersa15p527, European Regional Science Association.
    6. Robaina Alves, Margarita & Moutinho, Victor, 2013. "Decomposition analysis and Innovative Accounting Approach for energy-related CO2 (carbon dioxide) emissions intensity over 1996–2009 in Portugal," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 775-787.
    7. Denise Imori & Joaquim Jose Martins Guilhoto, 2015. "Tracing Brazilian states’ CO2 emissions in domestic and global trade," Working Papers, Department of Economics 2015_33, University of São Paulo (FEA-USP).
    8. Carsten Helm & Stefan Pichler, 2015. "Climate Policy with Technology Transfers and Permit Trading," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, pages 37-54.
    9. Qian Zhang & Jun Nakatani & Yuichi Moriguchi, 2015. "Compilation of an Embodied CO 2 Emission Inventory for China Using 135-Sector Input-Output Tables," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(7), pages 1-17, June.
    10. repec:kap:enreec:v:67:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s10640-015-9990-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Duan, Yuwan & Jiang, Xuemei, 2017. "Temporal Change of China's Pollution Terms of Trade and its Determinants," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 132(C), pages 31-44.
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    13. Baran Doda, 2016. "Tales from the tails: Sector-level carbon intensity distribution," GRI Working Papers 252, Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Heckscher–Ohlin; Emissions technique; CO2 emissions; Environment;

    JEL classification:

    • F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
    • Q27 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Issues in International Trade
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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