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Engel's law, Petty's law, and agglomeration

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  • Murata, Yasusada

Abstract

This paper presents a model of structural change and agglomeration. A decline in transportation costs, by enhancing consumers' purchasing power, leads to Engel's law of the demand shift from agricultural to non-agricultural goods. At the same time, the decline in transportation costs, by enlarging the extent of the market for non-agricultural goods, induces Petty's law of the labor reallocation from agriculture to non-agricultural activities. These structural transformations weaken dispersion forces given by farmers tied to the land, whereas they strengthen agglomeration forces generated by footloose non-agricultural workers. Thus, a substantial decline in transportation costs gives rise to agglomeration of non-agricultural activities.

Suggested Citation

  • Murata, Yasusada, 2008. "Engel's law, Petty's law, and agglomeration," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 161-177, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:87:y:2008:i:1:p:161-177
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    Cited by:

    1. Breinlich, Holger & Cuñat, Alejandro, 2013. "Geography, non-homotheticity, and industrialization: A quantitative analysis," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, pages 133-153.
    2. Klaus Desmet & Esteban Rossi-Hansberg, 2014. "Spatial Development," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, pages 1211-1243.
    3. Fabio Cerina & Francesco Mureddu, 2013. "Structural Change and Growth in a NEG Model," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(2), pages 182-200, May.
    4. Hélène Latzer & Florian Mayneris, 2011. "Trade in quality and income distribution: an analysis of the enlarged EU market," Working Papers of BETA 2011-21, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
    5. repec:esx:essedp:729 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Breinlich, Holger & Ottaviano, Gianmarco I.P. & Temple, Jonathan R.W., 2014. "Regional Growth and Regional Decline," Handbook of Economic Growth,in: Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 4, pages 683-779 Elsevier.
    7. Fabio Cerina & Francesco Mureddu, 2012. "Agglomeration And Growth With Endogenous Expenditure Shares," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(2), pages 324-360, May.
    8. Pflüger, Michael & Tabuchi, Takatoshi, 2010. "The size of regions with land use for production," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(6), pages 481-489, November.
    9. Mesbah Motamed & Raymond Florax & William Masters, 2014. "Agriculture, transportation and the timing of urbanization: Global analysis at the grid cell level," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 19(3), pages 339-368, September.
    10. Cerina, Fabio & Mureddu, Francesco, 2014. "Is agglomeration really good for growth? Global efficiency, interregional equity and uneven growth," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 9-22.
    11. Motamed, Mesbah J. & Florax, Raymond J.G.M. & Masters, William J., 2009. "Geography and Economic Transition: Global Spatial Analysis at the Grid Cell Level," 2009 Annual Meeting, July 26-28, 2009, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 49589, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    12. Christensen, Peter & McCord, Gordon C., 2016. "Geographic determinants of China's urbanization," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 90-102.
    13. Michael Berlemann & Julia Freese & Marc-André Luik & Joachim Ragnitz & Jan-Erik Wesselhöft, 2014. "Regionale Wirtschaftsentwicklung in Ostdeutschland und Sachsen bis 2030: Ergebnisse einer Projektionsrechnung," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 21(05), pages 34-43, October.
    14. Nishida, Keigo, 2016. "Rural–urban interdependence, structural change, and development," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 142(C), pages 83-86.

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