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Geography, Non-Homotheticity, and Industrialization: A Quantitative Analysis

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  • Holger Breinlich
  • Alejandro Cuñat

Abstract

We propose a quantitative framework for the analysis of industrialization in which specialization in manufacturing or agriculture is driven by comparative advantage and non-homothetic preferences. Countries are integrated through trade but trade is not costless and geographic position matters. We use a number of analytical examples and a multi-country calibration to explain two important empirical regularities: (i) there is a strong positive cor-relation between proximity to large markets and levels of manufacturing activity; (ii) there is a positive correlation between the ratio of agricultural to manufacturing productivity and shares of manufacturing in GDP. Our calibrated model replicates these facts and also provides a better fit to cross-sectional data on manufacturing shares than frameworks which ignore the role of trade costs or non-homotheticity. We use the calibrated model to quantitatively ana-lyze the effect of increases in agricultural productivity and a further lowering of trade barriers.

Suggested Citation

  • Holger Breinlich & Alejandro Cuñat, 2012. "Geography, Non-Homotheticity, and Industrialization: A Quantitative Analysis," CESifo Working Paper Series 3927, CESifo Group Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_3927
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Breinlich, Holger & Cuñat, Alejandro, 2013. "Geography, non-homotheticity, and industrialization: A quantitative analysis," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, pages 133-153.
    2. Grundmann, Rainer & Gries, Thomas, 2015. "Crucial for Modern Sector Development? The Role of Exports and Institutions in Developing Countries," Annual Conference 2015 (Muenster): Economic Development - Theory and Policy 112962, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    3. Jaimovich, Esteban & Merella, Vincenzo, 2015. "Love for quality, comparative advantage, and trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(2), pages 376-391.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    industrialization; economic geography; international trade;

    JEL classification:

    • F11 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Neoclassical Models of Trade
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology

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