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Small price incentives increase women's access to land titles in Tanzania

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  • Ali, Daniel Ayalew
  • Collin, Matthew
  • Deininger, Klaus
  • Dercon, Stefan
  • Sandefur, Justin
  • Zeitlin, Andrew

Abstract

We present results from a field experiment using price incentives to address two obstacles to women's access to formal land ownership. First, the price of formal land titles is often prohibitive, restricting access for both men and women. Second, when formal titles are issued, men are recorded as the sole owners of household land in the vast majority of cases. In theory, these problems may be in tension: requirements to grant women equal ownership may reduce the overall household demand for titling. In practice, we find no such trade-off: when residents of low-income, unplanned settlements in Dar es Salaam were offered price discounts for formal land titles, demand rose significantly. Price elasticity of demand was unchanged when price discounts were conditional on registering a woman as (co-)owner of household land. Furthermore, conditional price discounts achieved near gender parity in land ownership.

Suggested Citation

  • Ali, Daniel Ayalew & Collin, Matthew & Deininger, Klaus & Dercon, Stefan & Sandefur, Justin & Zeitlin, Andrew, 2016. "Small price incentives increase women's access to land titles in Tanzania," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 123(C), pages 107-122.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:123:y:2016:i:c:p:107-122
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2016.06.001
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Glaeser, Edward L. & Ponzetto, Giacomo A. M. & Shleifer, Andrei, 2016. "Securing Property Rights," Working Paper Series rwp16-040, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.
    2. Arturo Aguilar & Eliana Carranza & Markus Goldstein & Talip Kilic & Gbemisola Oseni, 2015. "Decomposition of gender differentials in agricultural productivity in Ethiopia," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 46(3), pages 311-334, May.
    3. Neeraj Baruah & Amanda Dahlstrand-Rudin & Guy Michaels & Dzhamilya Nigmatulina & Ferdinand Rauch & Tanner Regan, 2017. "Planning Ahead for Better Neighborhoods: Long Run Evidence from Tanzania," SERC Discussion Papers 0222, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
    4. repec:bla:afrdev:v:29:y:2017:i:s2:p:179-197 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Tukae Mbegalo, 2016. "The Impact of Food Price Changes and Land Policy Reforms on Household Welfare in Rural Tanzania," Courant Research Centre: Poverty, Equity and Growth - Discussion Papers 217, Courant Research Centre PEG.
    6. repec:eee:deveco:v:132:y:2018:i:c:p:57-74 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Deininger, Klaus & Savastano, Sara & Xia, Fang, 2017. "Smallholders’ land access in Sub-Saharan Africa: A new landscape?," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 78-92.
    8. Catherine Boone, 2017. "Legal empowerment of the poor through property rights reform: Tensions and trade-offs of land registration and titling in sub-Saharan Africa," WIDER Working Paper Series 037, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    9. repec:eee:wdevel:v:104:y:2018:i:c:p:281-296 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Jehovaness Aikaeli & Thomas Markussen, 2017. "The effects of land titling in Tanzania," WIDER Working Paper Series 168, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    11. Ghebru, Hosaena & Khan, Huma & Lambrecht, Isabel, 2016. "Perceived land tenure security and rural transformation: Empirical evidence from Ghana:," IFPRI discussion papers 1545, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    12. Kacana Sipangule, 2017. "Agribusinesses, smallholder tenure security, and plot-level investments: Evidence from rural Tanzania," WIDER Working Paper Series 106, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Land titling; Formalization; Gender; Field experiment; Tanzania; Intrahousehold;

    JEL classification:

    • H42 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Publicly Provided Private Goods
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • K11 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - Property Law
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment

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