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Exporter behavior, country size and stage of development: Evidence from the exporter dynamics database

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  • Fernandes, Ana M.
  • Freund, Caroline
  • Pierola, Martha Denisse

Abstract

We present new data on the micro-structure of the export sector for 45 countries and study how exporter behavior varies with country size and stage of development. Larger countries and more developed countries have more exporters, larger exporters, and a greater share of exports controlled by the top 5%. The extensive margin (more firms) plays a greater role than the intensive margin (average size) in supporting exports of larger countries. In contrast, the intensive margin is relatively more important in explaining the exports of richer countries. Exporter entry and exit rates are higher and entrant survival is lower at an early stage of development. We discuss the results in light of trade theories with heterogeneous firms and the empirical literature on resource allocation, firm size, and development. An implication from our findings is that developing countries export less because the top of the firm-size distribution is truncated.

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  • Fernandes, Ana M. & Freund, Caroline & Pierola, Martha Denisse, 2016. "Exporter behavior, country size and stage of development: Evidence from the exporter dynamics database," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 121-137.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:119:y:2016:i:c:p:121-137
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2015.10.007
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Exporter dynamics; Exporter growth; Firm-level data; Allocative efficiency;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development

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