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Segregation and conflict: An empirical analysis

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  • Corvalan, Alejandro
  • Vargas, Miguel

Abstract

This paper examines the relationship between segregation and several intensities of civil conflict. Our results are as follows. First, both ethnic segregation and language segregation exhibit a strong and robust correlation with the incidence of conflict at any intensity level; that is, from civil wars to social disorder and protests. Conversely, religious segregation does not affect any type of conflict. Second, ethnic segregation and language segregation are related to the escalation and continuation of conflict but are unrelated to its onset. Regardless of the mechanism of segregation, its effect is unrelated to the outbreak of violence but it is related to the reinforcing of existing conflicts. Third, two channels of influence are trust and secession threats, in the sense that the measures associated with those channels are influenced by segregation and, at the same time, reduce the effect of the geographic group concentration on conflict.

Suggested Citation

  • Corvalan, Alejandro & Vargas, Miguel, 2015. "Segregation and conflict: An empirical analysis," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 116(C), pages 212-222.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:116:y:2015:i:c:p:212-222
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2015.05.002
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Gassebner, Martin & Bluhm, Richard & Langlotz, Sarah & Schaudt, Paul, 2016. "Fueling Conflict? (De)Escalation and Bilateral Aid," Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145755, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    2. repec:oup:jecgeo:v:17:y:2017:i:6:p:1149-1178. is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Maria D. C. Garcia-Alonso & Zaki Wahhaj, 2018. "Social Diversity and Bridging Identity," Studies in Economics 1802, School of Economics, University of Kent.
    4. Tilman Brück & Moritz Hennicke & Antje Schumann, 2018. "Ethnic Inequality and Forced Displacement," Working Papers ECARES 2018-27, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    5. repec:eee:exehis:v:67:y:2018:i:c:p:40-61 is not listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Segregation; Conflict;

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