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Firm Exporting and Employee Benefits: First Evidence from Vietnam Manufacturing SMEs

Author

Listed:
  • Huong Vu

    () (University of Waikato)

  • Steven Lim

    () (University of Waikato)

  • Mark Holmes

    () (University of Waikato)

  • Tinh Doan

    () (Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment Government of New Zealand)

Abstract

This study examines linkages between the export participation of firms and employee benefits in terms of wages and employment quality. Based on a uniquely matched firm-worker panel dataset for 2007 and 2009, we find some evidence that export participation by firms in Vietnam has a positive impact on wages when taking into account firm characteristics alone. However, the exporter wage premium falls when both firm and worker characteristics are controlled for, and it decreases further and becomes insignificant when controlling for time-invariant unobservable factors by spell fixed effect estimation. While there are many studies on the export wage premium, the role of export participation on the quality of employment remains largely unexplored. By using a firm-level balanced panel dataset for the same period, our results suggest that export participation has a negative effect on employment quality. Nevertheless, the impact of export participation on both wages and employment quality vary greatly with respect to levels of technology.

Suggested Citation

  • Huong Vu & Steven Lim & Mark Holmes & Tinh Doan, 2013. "Firm Exporting and Employee Benefits: First Evidence from Vietnam Manufacturing SMEs," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 33(1), pages 519-535.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-12-00740
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Huong Vu & Steven Lim, 2013. "Exports and Firm survival: The first evidence from Vietnam private manufacturing SMEs," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 33(2), pages 1259-1268.
    2. Cebeci, Tolga, 2014. "Impact of export destinations on firm performance," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6743, The World Bank.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Exporting; Wages; Employment; Vietnam;

    JEL classification:

    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade

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