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Employment, Population and Regional Development in Western and Central Europe. Econometric Models and Challenges of EU Enlargement

Author

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  • Guisan, M.C.
  • Aguayo, E.

Abstract

We analyse the relationships between employment, population and regional development in Europe with a cross section sample, for year 2000, of 151 regions belonging to the 25 countries of EU after Enlargement of year 2004. Regional disparities in EU are higher than in the US, while the rate of employment, wages and income per inhabitant are lower in Europe. We analyse the main factors which explain those differences and estimate an econometric model for Western and Central European regions which shows the positive effect of real value added on employment and population. Finally we suggest to foster economic policies focused to increase the rates of employment and income per inhabitant in EU countries and regions.

Suggested Citation

  • Guisan, M.C. & Aguayo, E., 2004. "Employment, Population and Regional Development in Western and Central Europe. Econometric Models and Challenges of EU Enlargement," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 4(2), pages 129-142.
  • Handle: RePEc:eaa:aeinde:v:4:y:2004:i:1_16
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    File URL: http://www.usc.es/economet/reviews/aeid428.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jan Fidrmuc, 2002. "Migration and Regional Adjustment and Asymmetric Shocks in Transition Economies," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 441, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    2. Aguayo, Eva & Guisan, Maria-Carmen, 2004. "Employment and Population in European Union: Econometric Models and Causality Tests," Economic Development 80, University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business. Econometrics..
    3. Fertig, Michael & Schmidt, Christoph M., 2002. "Mobility within Europe – What do we (still not) know?," IZA Discussion Papers 447, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Fertig, Michael & Schmidt, Christoph M., 2000. "Aggregate-Level Migration Studies as a Tool for Forecasting Future Migration Streams," IZA Discussion Papers 183, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    5. Miguel León-Ledesma & Matloob Piracha, 2001. "International Migration and the Role of Remittances in Eastern Europe," Studies in Economics 0113, School of Economics, University of Kent.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. ANDRADE, Carlos & PINHO, Carlos & PINHO, Maria de Fátima, 2010. "Exploring Regional Convergence: Evidence From 19 European Countries, 1991-2008," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 10(2).
    2. KORRES, George M. & CHIONIS, Dionysios P. & TSAMADIAS, Constantine, 2004. "Labour Productivity in the European Union and Comparison with the USA, 1979-2001," International Journal of Applied Econometrics and Quantitative Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 1(4), pages 85-112.
    3. Guisan, M.C. & Vazquez, E., 2013. "Employment, Productivity And Wages In European Regions: Econometric Model Of 96 Nuts-1 In Year 2010," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 13(1).
    4. Elias Kourliouros & George Korres & Emmanuel Marmaras & George Tsobanoglou, 2006. "Economic Geography and Regional Growth: An Empirical Evidence From Greece," ERSA conference papers ersa06p30, European Regional Science Association.
    5. GUISAN, Maria-Carmen & CANCELO, Maria-Teresa, 2014. "Industry, Productivity And Development In 96 European Regions, 2005-2010," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 14(1).

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C5 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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