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Political Institutions and Policy Outcomes in Colombia: the Effects of the 1991 Constitution

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  • Mauricio Cárdenas

    ()

  • Roberto Junguito B.
  • Mónica Pachón B.

Abstract

La Constitución de 1991 aumentó la injerencia del Congreso y la Corte Constitucional en el proceso político y redujo los poderes del ejecutivo, fortaleciendo así el sistema de pesos y contrapesos. A pesar de que ahora el sistema es más representativo, el mayor número de jugadores aumentó los costos políticos de transacción, lo que hace más difícil la cooperación entre ellos. Esto ha sido particularmente cierto en la política fiscal, donde un Congreso más fragmentado y dividido ha resultado en un mayor uso de inflexibilidades. En otras áreas de política, como la monetaria y la regulación de los servicios públicos, las políticas se han caracterizado por una mayor adaptabilidad.

Suggested Citation

  • Mauricio Cárdenas & Roberto Junguito B. & Mónica Pachón B., 2006. "Political Institutions and Policy Outcomes in Colombia: the Effects of the 1991 Constitution," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000438:013357
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Marcela Eslava & Marcela Melendez, 2009. "Politics, Policies and the Dynamics of Aggregate Productivity in Colombia," Research Department Publications 4633, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    2. Carlos Scartascini & Mariano Tommasi & Ernesto H. Stein, 2008. "Veto Players, Intertemporal Interactions and Policy Adaptability: How Do Political Institutions Work?," Research Department Publications 4593, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    3. Rafael Gómez R. & Mauricio Olivera & Mario A. Velasco R., 2009. "Implementing a subnational results-oriented management and budgeting system. Lessons from Medellín, Colombia," Working Papers Series. Documentos de Trabajo 009074, Fedesarrollo.
    4. Benjamín Afanador Vargas, 2007. "Política educativa y financiación de la educación: posibles efectos para el desarrollo humano en Colombia, 1990- 2004," Revista Equidad y Desarrollo, Universidad de la Salle, April.
    5. Benjamín Afanador Vargas, 2006. "Tendencias de política económica y política educativa en los planes de desarrollo 1990-2004," Revista Equidad y Desarrollo, Universidad de la Salle, issue 6, April.
    6. Carlos Scartascini & Mariano Tommasi & Ernesto H. Stein, 2008. "Un Enfoque Intertemporal Interactions and Policy Adaptability: How Do Political Institutions Work?," Research Department Publications 4594, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    7. Mauricio Olivera & Monica Pachon & Guillermo Perry, 2010. "The Political Economy of Fiscal Reform: The Case of Colombia, 1986-2006," Research Department Publications 4674, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Instituciones Políticas; Economía Política; Informes de Investigación; Políticas Públicas; Procesos políticos; Constitución política; Partidos políticos; Participación política; Presidentes; Colombia;

    JEL classification:

    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • E65 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Studies of Particular Policy Episodes
    • H11 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Structure and Scope of Government

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