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Implementing a subnational results-oriented management and budgeting system. Lessons from Medellín, Colombia


  • Rafael Gómez R.
  • Mauricio Olivera
  • Mario A. Velasco R.


"The purpose of this paper is to describe the budget process reform implemented in Medellín, and to analyze its actual performance and evaluate its success. The reform is changing the way public resources are allocated and executed, while gradually institutionalizing supply and demand-side practices beyond the government´s political cycles.This paper describes and analyzes how the RoB was designed and implemented, and the achievements of the system to date, in terms of resource allocation and the policy-making process. The following section describes the context of Medellín: political and economic trends, and the objectives of the budget reform. The third section presents the state of the budget process in Medellín as it was diagnosed before implementation. Section four describes the implementation process of the system, and section five addresses its major achievements. A final section includes some policy recommendations, which can be divided into two parts: (i) recommendations for consolidating the system as a main support tool of a RoM approach, and (ii) recommendations for replicating the system in other municipalities and subnational governments".

Suggested Citation

  • Rafael Gómez R. & Mauricio Olivera & Mario A. Velasco R., 2009. "Implementing a subnational results-oriented management and budgeting system. Lessons from Medellín, Colombia," Working Papers Series. Documentos de Trabajo 9074, Fedesarrollo.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000123:009074

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Mauricio Cárdenas & Roberto Junguito B. & Mónica Pachón B., 2006. "Political Institutions and Policy Outcomes in Colombia : the Effects of the 1991 Constitution," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, June.
    2. Mauricio Santa María S. & Fabián García A. & Ana Virgina Mujica P., 2009. "Los costos no laborales y el mercado laboral : impacto de la reforma de salud en Colombia," Working Papers Series. Documentos de Trabajo 9186, Fedesarrollo.
    3. Roberto Perotti, 2000. "Public spending on social protection in Colombia : analysis and proposals," Working Papers Series. Documentos de Trabajo 3407, Fedesarrollo.
    4. Mauricio Cárdenas, 2007. "Economic growth in Colombia: A reversal of "Fortune"?," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República, vol. 25(53), pages 220-259, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Richard M. Bird, 2012. "Fiscal Decentralization in Colombia: A Work (Still) in Progress," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper1223, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.

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    More about this item


    Budget process reform; Budget reform; Medellín; Colombia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H72 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Budget and Expenditures
    • H61 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - Budget; Budget Systems


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