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Los costos no laborales y el mercado laboral: impacto de la reforma de salud en Colombia

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  • Mauricio Santa María S.

    ()

  • Fabián García A.

    ()

  • Ana Virgina Mujica P.

    ()

Abstract

El documento analiza el impacto que la reforma a la seguridad social en Colombia (Ley 100 de 1993) ha tenido sobre el mercado laboral. Utilizando series de tiempo (a través de métodos de cointegración y de regresiones iterativas, entre otros) se encuentra que el incremento de 14 puntos porcentuales en los costos no salariales, en un escenario donde la protección social se financia a través de impuestos a la nómina, ha generado una profunda segmentación del mercado laboral. Esta situación debe entenderse como la coexistencia de dos mercados laborales, uno asalariado y otro cuenta propia, que actúan como sustitutos el uno del otro. Por tanto, la reforma ha promovido la creación de empleos cuenta propia e informalidad, pues los trabajadores buscan emplearse en sectores donde pueden evadir estos pagos, mientras que las firmas se han visto desincentivadas a crear empleos formales. Este proceso ha sido particularmente nocivo para la población menos educada y más vulnerable, limitando así la generación de ingresos sostenibles y la superación de la pobreza

Suggested Citation

  • Mauricio Santa María S. & Fabián García A. & Ana Virgina Mujica P., 2009. "Los costos no laborales y el mercado laboral: impacto de la reforma de salud en Colombia," WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 009186, FEDESARROLLO.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000123:009186
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11445/252
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Costos no salariales; segmentación del mercado laboral; informalidad;

    JEL classification:

    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J32 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Nonwage Labor Costs and Benefits; Retirement Plans; Private Pensions
    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General

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