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The Pitfalls of Policymaking in Peru: Actors, Institutions and Rules of the Game

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  • Eduardo Morón
  • Cynthia Sanborn

Abstract

Policymaking in Peru over the last 25 years has been largely dominated by the Executive, and has been influenced by a variety of structural and political factors as well as by the personal ambitions of presidents and the public perception of crisis. With few exceptions, neither the Congress nor the other branches and levels of government have played effective roles in defining the national policy agenda, promoting inter-temporal cooperation and providing checks and balances on executive power. This is due in part to constitutional arrangements, in part to electoral outcomes, and in part to the historical weaknesses of political parties and other actors. Although this situation has been partially modified since 2001, it is not clear that the general pattern has changed. While certain arenas of decision-making have been reformed in recent years, in many spheres policymaking remains an arbitrary and unpredictable process, resulting in policies that are of low quality, poorly enforced and easily reversed. Although reforming aspects of the political and electoral systems could contribute to improving this outcome, the instability of the political regime per se has been a deterrent to longer-term institutional development.

Suggested Citation

  • Eduardo Morón & Cynthia Sanborn, 2006. "The Pitfalls of Policymaking in Peru: Actors, Institutions and Rules of the Game," Research Department Publications 3202, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:3202
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. MacIsaac, Donna & Rama, Martin, 2001. "Mandatory severance pay : its coverage and effects in Peru," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2626, The World Bank.
    2. World Bank, 2002. "Peru - Restoring Fiscal Discipline for Poverty Reduction : A Public Expenditure Review," World Bank Other Operational Studies 15341, The World Bank.
    3. Pablo T. Spiller, 2003. "The Institutional Foundations of Public Policy: A Transactions Approach with Application to Argentina," Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(2), pages 281-306, October.
    4. John Mcmillan & Pablo Zoido, 2004. "How to Subvert Democracy: Montesinos in Peru," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 18(4), pages 69-92, Fall.
    5. Lee J. Alston & Marcus André Melo & Bernardo Mueller & Carlos Pereira, 2006. "Political Institutions, Policymaking Processes and Policy Outcomes in Brazil," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 3365, Inter-American Development Bank.
    6. repec:cup:apsrev:v:94:y:2000:i:02:p:289-304_22 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Mariano Tommasi & Pablo T. Spiller & Ernesto Stein, 2003. "Political Institutions, Policymaking Processes, and Policy Outcomes. An Intertemporal Transactions Framework," Working Papers 59, Universidad de San Andres, Departamento de Economia, revised Jul 2003.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mario Bergara & Andrés Pereyra, 2005. "El proceso de diseño e implementación de políticas y las reformas en los servicios públicos," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 1705, Department of Economics - dECON.

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