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Analisis de la vulnerabilidad laboral y los determinantes del trabajo decente. El caso de Ecuador 2008-2011

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  • Alejandra Villacis
  • Marcos Reis

Abstract

El artículo hace un análisis de la vulnerabilidad del mercado laboral medida a través de la iniciativa de trabajo decente de la OIT. Se aplica —para Ecuador en el período 2008-2011— un modelo derivado de la metodología de pobreza multidimensional que toma en cuenta tanto el bienestar económico como el bienestar social. Como resultados, se encuentra que, para el promedio del período, apenas el 1 % del total de la población ocupada tiene un trabajo decente, mientras que el 67,6 % tiene un trabajo considerado como no decente, en el cual su ingreso laboral no alcanza para cubrir sus necesidades básicas y posee más de cuatro carencias en sus derechos laborales. Los trabajadores vulnerables por mínimos estándares laborales representan el 31 % y los trabajadores vulnerables por salario, el 0,4 %. Mujeres,trabajadores del sector rural y trabajadores informales son los grupos más propensos a no tener un trabajo decente, mientras el trabajador con mayores años de escolaridad, o que trabaja en el sector público, tiene una mayor probabilidad de conseguir un trabajo decente. Para concluir, se discuten recomendaciones de política pública para el aumento del trabajo decente en Ecuador.

Suggested Citation

  • Alejandra Villacis & Marcos Reis, 2015. "Analisis de la vulnerabilidad laboral y los determinantes del trabajo decente. El caso de Ecuador 2008-2011," Revista de Economía del Rosario, Universidad del Rosario, vol. 18(2), pages 157-185, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000151:014849
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    estándares laborales: nacionales e internacionales; economía laboral: general; econometria;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J8 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards
    • C01 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Econometrics
    • J01 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics: General

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