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The Determinants Of Minimum Wage Violation In South Africa

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Listed:
  • Bhorat, Haroon
  • Kanbur, Ravi
  • Mayet, Natasha

Abstract

This paper investigates the determinants of non-compliance or violation of minimum wage legislation in South Africa, a country where violation is high, at just under 50 percent. The number of labour inspectors per capita is used as a proxy for enforcement, whilst non-compliance is measured using an index of violation that measures both the proportion of individuals violated, as well as the depth of violation of an individual. Due to the potential simultaneity between enforcement and compliance, the number of labour inspectors is instrumented by the number of non-inspectors. The results suggest that there are a variety of factors impacting on violation, including firm-level, sectoral and spatial characteristics. One of the key determinants of violation is found to be the local unemployment rate.

Suggested Citation

  • Bhorat, Haroon & Kanbur, Ravi & Mayet, Natasha, 2011. "The Determinants Of Minimum Wage Violation In South Africa," Working Papers 126535, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:cudawp:126535
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/126535
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. William Maloney & Jairo Mendez, 2004. "Measuring the Impact of Minimum Wages. Evidence from Latin America," NBER Chapters,in: Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean, pages 109-130 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Lucas Ronconi, 2010. "Enforcement and Compliance with Labor Regulations in Argentina," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 63(4), pages 719-736, July.
    3. Haroon Bhorat & Ravi Kanbur & Natasha Mayet, 2013. "A Note on Measuring the Depth of Minimum Wage Violation," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 27(2), pages 192-197, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Alejandra Villacis & Marcos Reis, 2015. "Analisis de la vulnerabilidad laboral y los determinantes del trabajo decente. El caso de Ecuador 2008-2011," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, vol. 18(2), pages 157-185, December.
    2. Rita Almeida & Lucas Ronconi, 2016. "Labor Inspections in the Developing World: Stylized Facts from the Enterprise Survey," Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(3), pages 468-489, July.
    3. Deon Filmer & Louise Fox, 2014. "Youth Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa
      [L’emploi des jeunes en Afrique subsaharienne - Rapport complet]
      ," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 16608.

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