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Revisión de experiencias de apoyo a la agricultura familiar

Author

Listed:
  • Margarita Gáfaro
  • José Antonio Ocampo
  • Sonia Daniela Monroy-Cely
  • Alejandro Rueda-Sanz

Abstract

En este estudio analizamos experiencias de apoyo a la generación de ingresos en la agricultura familiar en Colombia promovidas por la sociedad civil y la cooperación internacional. Recopilamos información de fuentes secundarias para la construcción de un inventario que incluye 412 iniciativas ejecutadas en el país entre 2006 y 2018. De este inventario seleccionamos 32 como estudios de caso para identificar factores positivos y buenas prácticas que sean útiles para su escalamiento. Identificamos tres causas principales de la deficiente generación de ingresos en la agricultura familiar en Colombia: bajos volúmenes de producción, vulnerabilidad frente a choques y altos costos de transporte y otros costos de transacción. A partir de un marco teórico sobre toma de decisiones de los hogares campesinos, la evidencia empírica para Colombia e información cualitativa recolectada en las visitas de campo, concluimos que un acompañamiento efectivo para mitigar estos problemas involucra fortalecer de manera conjunta y prolongada los procesos de producción y comercialización de los agricultores familiares. Además, propiciar el desarrollo de capacidades sociales para fortalecer los procesos asociativos y el empoderamiento de las comunidades, desarrollar acuerdos comerciales que contemplen flujos de liquidez oportunos hacia los productores, e implementar estrategias de producción con enfoque comercial y que contemplen la agregación de valor mediante la incursión de mercados de nicho. ****** In this study, we analyze the experience of civil society and foreign aid led initiatives of income generation for family farmers. We gathered information from secondary sources for the construction of an inventory that includes 412 initiatives held in Colombia between 2006-2018. From this inventory, we selected 32 as case-studies to identify positive factors and good practices, useful for scale-ups. We identified three leading causes of deficient income generation in family farming: low production volume, vulnerability to shocks, and high transport and transaction costs. Based on a theoretical background of rural household decision-making, the empirical evidence for Colombia and the qualitative information gathered in field visits; we conclude that adequate actions to mitigate these issues involves strengthening jointly production and commercialization processes with long-run aid and training. Furthermore, enhancing social capacities within communities, developing commercial agreements that contemplate timely liquidity flows to farmers, and implementing commercially focused productive strategies that further consider value-added improvements through the incursion of niche markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Margarita Gáfaro & José Antonio Ocampo & Sonia Daniela Monroy-Cely & Alejandro Rueda-Sanz, 2019. "Revisión de experiencias de apoyo a la agricultura familiar," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República - ESPE, issue 91, pages 1-77, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000107:017414
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Margarita Gáfaro & Ana María Ibáñez & David Zarruk, 2012. "Equidad y eficiencia rural en Colombia: una discusión de políticas para el acceso a la tierra," Documentos CEDE 010318, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
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    4. Gafaro, Margarita & Ibanez, Ana Maria & Zarruk, David, 2012. "Equidad y eficiencia rural en Colombia: una discusión de políticas para el acceso a la tierra," Documentos CEDE Series 146477, Universidad de Los Andes, Economics Department.
    5. Townsend, Robert M, 1994. "Risk and Insurance in Village India," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 62(3), pages 539-591, May.
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    8. José Antonio Ocampo & Paola Arias & Juan David Torres, 2018. "La banca nacional de desarrollo en Colombia," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República - ESPE, issue 88, pages 1-36, December.
    9. Hellin, Jon & Lundy, Mark & Meijer, Madelon, 2007. "Farmer organization, collective action and market access in Meso-America:," CAPRi working papers 67, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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    2. Nicolás de Roux & Margarita Gáfaro & Nicolás Moisés Mahecha & Guillermo Otero & Andrea Parejo, 2019. "Información Crediticia para la Formulación de Política Pública: El Caso del Banco Agrario y la Sustitución de Cultivos de Uso Ilícito," Documentos CEDE 017409, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Agricultura familiar; Pobreza rural; Mercados agropecuarios; Productividad agrícola; Cadenas de valor agrícolas; Valor compartido; Family farming; Rural poverty; Agricultural markets; Agricultural productivity; Agricultural supply chains; Shared value;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • N56 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
    • F35 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Aid

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