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Información Crediticia para la Formulación de Política Pública: El Caso del Banco Agrario y la Sustitución de Cultivos de Uso Ilícito

Author

Listed:
  • Nicolás de Roux
  • Margarita Gáfaro
  • Nicolás Moisés Mahecha
  • Guillermo Otero
  • Andrea Parejo

Abstract

La política de sustitución de cultivos de uso ilícito pasa por escoger, para un lugar determinado, unos pocos cultivos como alternativas de sustitución. Esta elección debe hacerse con indicadores de rentabilidad que generalmente no están disponibles por la falta de información. Este artículo propone utilizar información de las bases de datos del Banco Agrario de Colombia para guiar esta decisión. En particular, mostramos cómo se puede usar la información de morosidad de cartera y de colocaciones del banco para construir indicadores de rentabilidad de los cultivos en municipios con cultivos de coca. Estos indicadores se correlacionan positivamente con medidas de ingreso por hectárea a nivel de cultivo-municipio construidas con el Censo Nacional Agropecuario y las Evaluaciones Agropecuarias Municipales. Por último, presentamos para cada municipio los dos cultivos con el mejor desempeno según estos indicadores. Estos cultivos podrían ser alternativas viables de sustitución.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicolás de Roux & Margarita Gáfaro & Nicolás Moisés Mahecha & Guillermo Otero & Andrea Parejo, 2019. "Información Crediticia para la Formulación de Política Pública: El Caso del Banco Agrario y la Sustitución de Cultivos de Uso Ilícito," Documentos CEDE 017409, Universidad de los Andes – Facultad de Economía – CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:017409
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Margarita Gafaro & José Antonio Ocampo & Sonia Daniela Monroy-Cely & Alejandro Rueda-Sanz, 2019. "Revisión de experiencias de apoyo a la agricultura familiar," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, issue 91, pages 1-77, August.
    2. Carter, Michael R., 1988. "Equilibrium credit rationing of small farm agriculture," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 83-103, February.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Sustitución; Cultivos de Uso Ilícito; Banco Agrario de Colombia; Información Crediticia.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q14 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Finance
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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