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Equidad y eficiencia rural en Colombia: una discusión de políticas para el acceso a la tierra

Author

Listed:
  • Margarita Gáfaro
  • Ana María Ibáñez
  • David Zarruk

Abstract

El objetivo de este estudio es discutir alternativas de políticas públicas para aumentar el acceso a la tierra y el ingreso de la población rural. Para alcanzar este objetivo, el estudio aborda tres temas. Primero, el estudio describe la estructura de la propiedad rural en Colombia y discute alternativas para incrementar el acceso al uso de la tierra por parte de la población rural. Segundo, se discuten posibles relaciones entre la estructura de tenencia de la tierra, el bienestar de los hogares rurales y las decisiones de producción e inversión. Por último, el estudio describe las experiencias de programas de reformas agrarias en algunos países de América Latina y Colombia. El estudio encuentra que, además de una altísima concentración de la tierra, los mercados de arrendamiento de tierras en Colombia son casi inexistentes, por lo cual el acceso al uso de la tierra es bajo. En segundo lugar, el acceso al uso de la tierra y la formalidad en la propiedad están relacionados con mayores niveles de consumo e inversión productiva en los hogares rurales. Por último, pese a que el acceso a la tierra es determinante en el bienestar, el estudio concluye que programas complementarios, como crédito y asistencia técnica, son determinantes en el bienestar de la población rural.

Suggested Citation

  • Margarita Gáfaro & Ana María Ibáñez & David Zarruk, 2012. "Equidad y eficiencia rural en Colombia: una discusión de políticas para el acceso a la tierra," Documentos CEDE 10318, Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Economía, CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:010318
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    Cited by:

    1. Margarita Gafaro & José Antonio Ocampo & Sonia Daniela Monroy-Cely & Alejandro Rueda-Sanz, 2019. "Revisión de experiencias de apoyo a la agricultura familiar," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, issue 91, pages 1-77, August.
    2. Juanita Villaveces Nino & Fabio Sánchez, 2015. "Tendencias históricas y regionales de la adjudicación de baldíos en Colombia1," Documentos de Trabajo 12538, Universidad del Rosario.
    3. Jean-Paul Faguet & Fabio Sánchez & Marta-Juanita Villaveces, 2015. "Land Reform, Latifundia and Social Development at Local Level in Colombia, 1961-2010," Documentos CEDE 12569, Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Economía, CEDE.
    4. Varios autores, 2020. "Lecturas sobre Derecho de Tierras. Tomo IV," Books, Universidad Externado de Colombia, Facultad de Derecho, number 1210.
    5. Juanita Villaveces & Fabio Sánchez, 2014. "Tendencias históricas y regionales de la adjudicación de baldíos en Colombia," Documentos CEDE 11944, Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Economía, CEDE.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Mercados de tierras; concentración de la tierra; pobreza rural; uso de la tierra;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns
    • R30 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - General
    • R51 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Finance in Urban and Rural Economies
    • R52 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Land Use and Other Regulations

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