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Impacto De Los Cambios De Precios Relativos En Pobreza Y Desigualdad En Colombia: 1998-2007

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Al estimar los índices sociales de precios plutocráti-co y democrático para Colombia, con base en infla-ciones individuales, se encuentra evidencia del efecto anti-pobre de los cambios de precios relativos ocurri-dos entre diciembre de 1998 y diciembre de 2007, y de su regresividad con respecto a la distribución del ingreso. En los años 2001, 2002 y 2007, cuando los incrementos anuales de los precios de los alimentos estuvieron por encima de los incrementos nacionales, la inflación se tornó regresiva a la distribución del in-greso. En 2000 y 2003, cuando sucedió lo contrario, la inflación de los alimentos se puso por debajo de la nacional, se volvió progresiva frente a la distribución del ingreso. En promedio, por un incremento de 3,5% en los precios de los alimentos (manteniendo los de-más precios constantes) la inflación nacional aumenta en 1%, lo que genera aumentos en pobreza de 0,62 y en pobreza extrema de 0,14 puntos porcentuales. En términos relativos, el porcentaje de la pobreza extrema aumenta en 2,9%, mientras que el de la pobreza solo llega al 1,6%.

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Volume (Year): (2008)
Issue (Month): (November)

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Handle: RePEc:col:000107:005809
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  1. Angus Deaton & Christina Paxson, 1998. "Economies of Scale, Household Size, and the Demand for Food," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 106(5), pages 897-930, October.
  2. Thomas F. Crossley & Krishna Pendakur, 2006. "The Social Cost-of-Living: Welfare Foundations and Estimation," Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population Research Reports 407, McMaster University.
  3. Edgar Caicedo G., 2000. "Problemas en la medición del IPC, el caso colombiano," Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 18(38), pages 71-117, Junio.
  4. Andrés Langebaek R. & Edgar Caicedo García, 2007. "Sesgo De Medición Del Ipc: Nueva Evidencia Para Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003495, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  5. Angus Deaton, 1998. "Getting Prices Right: What Should Be Done?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 12(1), pages 37-46, Winter.
  6. Edgar Caicedo, 2000. "Problemas en la medición del IPC, el Caso Colombiano," Borradores de Economia 152, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  7. Edgar caicedo, 2000. "Problemas En La Medición Del Ipc, El Caso Colombiano," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003381, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  8. Breusch, T S & Pagan, A R, 1979. "A Simple Test for Heteroscedasticity and Random Coefficient Variation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(5), pages 1287-1294, September.
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