IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Inflación y Covid-19: un ejercicio para Colombia


  • Edgar Caicedo-García
  • Jesús Daniel Sarmiento-Sarmiento
  • Ramón Hernández-Ortega


La pandemia de covid-19 alteró el patrón de consumo de los hogares a nivel mundial. Estos cambios no los incorpora el IPC porque dicha medición se basa en una canasta fija de bienes, lo cual podría estar subestimando la inflación en Colombia. En este documento se hace un ejercicio utilizando una estructura de ponderaciones alternativa para evaluar los cambios que podría presentar el cálculo en el IPC durante el periodo de la pandemia. Los resultados muestran que los precios al consumidor estarían aumentando más rápido de lo que muestran las medidas del IPC con ponderaciones fijas. **** ABSTRACT: The covid-19 pandemic distorted the pattern of household consumption. Consequently, the official fixed basket CPI could be measuring inaccurately the evolution of inflation. The exercise presented in this document, was to update the weighting structure of the basket with alternative information on consumption and household expenditures to explore how the inflation calculations could be affected during the pandemic period. The results indicate that CPI would be increasing faster than the fixed basket CPI measures reveals.

Suggested Citation

  • Edgar Caicedo-García & Jesús Daniel Sarmiento-Sarmiento & Ramón Hernández-Ortega, 2022. "Inflación y Covid-19: un ejercicio para Colombia," Borradores de Economia 1198, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:1198
    DOI: 10.32468/be.1198

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Pascal Seiler, 2020. "Weighting bias and inflation in the time of COVID-19: evidence from Swiss transaction data," Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics, Springer;Swiss Society of Economics and Statistics, vol. 156(1), pages 1-11, December.
    2. Mr. Marshall B Reinsdorf, 2020. "COVID-19 and the CPI: Is Inflation Underestimated?," IMF Working Papers 2020/224, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Edgar caicedo, 2000. "Problemas En La Medición Del Ipc, El Caso Colombiano," Borradores de Economia 3381, Banco de la Republica.
    4. W. Erwin Diewert & Kevin J. Fox, 2020. "Measuring Real Consumption and CPI Bias under Lockdown Conditions," NBER Working Papers 27144, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Edgar Caicedo, 2000. "Problemas en la medición del IPC, el Caso Colombiano," Borradores de Economia 152, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Andrés Langebaek & Edgar Caicedo, 2007. "Sesgo de medición del IPC: nueva evidencia para Colombia," Borradores de Economia 435, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Xavier Jaravel & Martin O'Connell, 2020. "High‐Frequency Changes in Shopping Behaviours, Promotions and the Measurement of Inflation: Evidence from the Great Lockdown," Fiscal Studies, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 41(3), pages 733-755, September.
    3. Edgar Caicedo-García & Jesús Daniel Sarmiento-Sarmiento & Ramón Hernández-Ortega, 2022. "Inflación y covid -19: un ejercicio para Colombia," Revista de Economía del Rosario, Universidad del Rosario, vol. 25(1), pages 1-22, June.
    4. Francisco Javier Lasso Valderrama, 2008. "Impacto de los cambios de precios relativos en pobreza y desigualdad en Colombia: 1998-2007," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República, November.
    5. Kantur, Zeynep & Özcan, Gülserim, 2021. "What pandemic inflation tells: Old habits die hard," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 204(C).
    6. Santiago E. Alvarez & Sarah M. Lein, 2020. "Tracking inflation on a daily basis," Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics, Springer;Swiss Society of Economics and Statistics, vol. 156(1), pages 1-13, December.
    7. Mr. Francesco Grigoli & Evgenia Pugacheva, 2022. "Updating Inflation Weights in the UK and Germany during COVID-19," IMF Working Papers 2022/204, International Monetary Fund.
    8. Huw Dixon & Aftab Chowdhury, 2023. "Energy Expenditures and CPI Inflation in 2022: Inflation Was Even Higher Than We Thought," National Institute of Economic and Social Research (NIESR) Discussion Papers 550, National Institute of Economic and Social Research.
    9. Hindriks, Jean & Madio, Leonardo & Serse, Valerio, 2021. "Promotion ban and heterogeneity in retail prices during the Great Lockdown," LIDAM Discussion Papers CORE 2021005, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    10. Bai, Yan & Costlow, Leah & Ebel, Alissa & Laves, Sarah & Ueda, Yurika & Volin, Natalie & Zamek, Maya & Herforth, Anna & Masters, William A., 2021. "Review: Retail consumer price data reveal gaps and opportunities to monitor food systems for nutrition," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 104(C).
    11. Jennifer Peña & Elvira Prades, 2021. "Price setting in Chile: Micro evidence from consumer on-line prices during the social outbreak and Covid-19," Working Papers 2112, Banco de España.
    12. Jaravel, Xavier & O'Connell, Martin, 2020. "Real-time price indices: Inflation spike and falling product variety during the Great Lockdown," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 191(C).
    13. Donatella Saccone, 2021. "Can the Covid19 pandemic affect the achievement of the ‘Zero Hunger’ goal? Some preliminary reflections," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie (DGGÖ), vol. 22(7), pages 1025-1038, September.
    14. Xu, Yingying & Lien, Donald, 2022. "Assessing the impact of COVID-19 on price Co-movements in China," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 79(C).
    15. Herzberg, Julika & Knetsch, Thomas A. & Schwind, Patrick & Weinand, Sebastian, 2021. "Quantifying bias and inaccuracy of upper-level aggregation in HICPs for Germany and the euro area," Discussion Papers 06/2021, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    16. Jongrim Ha & M. Ayhan Kose & Franziska Ohnsorge, 2021. "Inflation During the Pandemic: What Happened? What is Next?," Koç University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers 2108, Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum.
    17. Martin Brown & Matthias R. Fengler & Jonas Huwyler & Winfried Koeniger & Rafael Lalive & Robert Rohrkemper, 2023. "Monitoring consumption Switzerland: data, background, and use cases," Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics, Springer;Swiss Society of Economics and Statistics, vol. 159(1), pages 1-16, December.
    18. Solórzano Diego, 2023. "Grab a Bite? Prices in the food away from home industry during the COVID-19 pandemic," Working Papers 2023-18, Banco de México.
    19. Esat Daşdemir, 2022. "A New Proposal for Consumer Price Index (CPI) Calculation and Income Distribution Measurement by Income Groups," Journal of Economy Culture and Society, Istanbul University, Faculty of Economics, vol. 65(65), pages 395-414, June.
    20. Unel, Fatma Bunyan & Yalpir, Sukran, 2023. "Sustainable tax system design for use of mass real estate appraisal in land management," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 131(C).

    More about this item


    Inflación; COVID-19; patrón de consumo; Índice de precios al consumidor (IPC); inflation; COVID-19; consumption pattern; consumer price index (CPI).;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C43 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Index Numbers and Aggregation
    • D11 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Theory
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:1198. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Clorith Angélica Bahos Olivera (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.