IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/ces/ifosdt/v68y2015i20p39-47.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Migranten im deutschen Arbeitsmarkt: Löhne, Arbeitslosigkeit, Erwerbsquoten

Author

Listed:
  • Michele Battisti
  • Gabriel Felbermayr

Abstract

Zahlen aus türkischen Flüchtlingslagern legen nahe, dass fast 50% der Flüchtlinge aus Syrien nicht über grundlegende Bildungskenntnisse verfügen dürften. Gleichzeitig wissen wir aus einer Analyse des deutschen Sozio-oekonomischen Panels, dass fast 50% der in den letzten fünf Jahren aus Ländern außerhalb des westlichen Kulturkreises zugewanderten Menschen im Alter von 25 bis 55 Jahren im Jahr 2013 einen Stundenlohn unter dem damaligen Äquivalent des heutigen Mindestlohns von 8,50 Euro pro Stunde verdienten. Für Einheimische betrug der Anteil 12%. Die Arbeitslosenquote lag bei dieser Gruppe von Einwanderern mit 12,5% um ganze 7 Prozentpunkte höher als bei Einheimischen. 43% der 25- bis 55-Jährigen hatten kein Arbeitseinkommen (Einheimische: 16%). Diese Zahlen belegen, dass der Mindestlohn sehr wahrscheinlich ein Hindernis für die erfolgreiche Integration der in diesen Monaten ankommenden Flüchtlinge in den deutschen Arbeitsmarkt darstellen wird. Eine Reform ist dringend geboten.

Suggested Citation

  • Michele Battisti & Gabriel Felbermayr, 2015. "Migranten im deutschen Arbeitsmarkt: Löhne, Arbeitslosigkeit, Erwerbsquoten," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 68(20), pages 39-47, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:68:y:2015:i:20:p:39-47
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://www.cesifo-group.de/DocDL/sd-2015-20-battisti-felbermayr-fluechtlinge-2015-10-29.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Oliver Falck & Andreas Knabe & Andreas Mazat & Simon Wiederhold, 2013. "Mindestlohn in Deutschland: Wie viele sind betroffen?," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 66(24), pages 68-73, December.
    2. Karl Brenke & Kai-Uwe Müller, 2013. "Gesetzlicher Mindestlohn: kein verteilungspolitisches Allheilmittel," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 80(39), pages 3-17.
    3. Michele Battisti & Gabriel Felbermayr & Panu Poutvaara, 2015. "Einwanderung: Welchen Nutzen hat die einheimische Bevölkerung?," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 68(18), September.
    4. Yann Algan & Christian Dustmann & Albrecht Glitz & Allan Manning, 2010. "The Economic Situation of First ans Second-Generation in France, Germany, and the United Kingdom," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/536kq4edtr8, Sciences Po.
    5. Gabriel Felbermayr & Wido Geis & Wilhelm Kohler, 2014. "Restrictive Immigration Policy in Germany: Pains and Gains Foregone?," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: European Economic Integration, WTO Membership, Immigration and Offshoring, chapter 12, pages 395-419 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    6. Evren Ceritoglu & H. Burcu Gurcihan Yunculer & Huzeyfe Torun & Semih Tumen, 2017. "The impact of Syrian refugees on natives’ labor market outcomes in Turkey: evidence from a quasi-experimental design," IZA Journal of Labor Policy, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 6(1), pages 1-28, December.
    7. Yann Algan & Christian Dustmann & Albrecht Glitz & Alan Manning, 2010. "The Economic Situation of First and Second-Generation Immigrants in France, Germany and the United Kingdom," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 120(542), pages 4-30, February.
    8. Andreas Knabe & Ronnie Schöb, 2009. "Minimum Wage Incidence: The Case for Germany," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 65(4), pages 403-441, December.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Michele Battisti & Gabriel Felbermayr & Panu Poutvaara, 2015. "Arbeitsmarktchancen von Flüchtlingen in Deutschland: Ergebnisse einer Unternehmensbefragung," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 68(22), pages 22-25, November.
    2. Robert C. M. Beyer, 2017. "The Performance of Immigrants in the German Labor Market," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 892, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    3. Hans-Werner Sinn & Marcel Fratzscher & Simon Junker & Clemens Fuest & Jochen Andritzky & Christoph Schmidt & Bernd Raffelhüschen & Stefan Moog & Ulrich van Suntum & Daniel Schultewolter & Dominik Grol, 2016. "Kosten und Chancen der Migration," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 69(04), pages 03-49, February.
    4. Panu Poutvaara & Daniela Wech, 2015. "ifo Migrationsmonitor," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 68(23), pages 24-31, December.
    5. Ludger Wößmann, 2016. "Bildung als Schlüssel zur Integration: Nur eine realistische Flüchtlingspolitik wird Erfolg haben," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 69(01), pages 21-24, January.
    6. Robert C. M. Beyer, 2016. "The Labor Market Performance of Immigrants in Germany," IMF Working Papers 16/6, International Monetary Fund.
    7. repec:mig:bcwpap:v:7:y:2017:i:1:p:1-12 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Daniel Leithold & Katrin Oesingmann, 2016. "Institutionelle Grundlagen zum Asylrecht und zur Integration von Flüchtlingen in Deutschland," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 69(01), pages 29-37, January.
    9. AndreasKnabe & RonnieSchöb & MarcelThum & MichaelWeber, 2016. "Mindestlohn ohne Nebenwirkungen?," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 23(03), pages 32-35, June.
    10. Gülsüm Orhan, 2017. "Fluchtmigration – Chancen und Herausforderungen für den Einzelhandel," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 70(04), pages 39-44, February.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Arbeitsmarkt; Migranten; Erwerbstätigkeit; Deutschland;

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:68:y:2015:i:20:p:39-47. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Klaus Wohlrabe). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/ifooode.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.