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Financial constraints on new firms: looking for regional disparities

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  • Jean Bonnet
  • Sylvie Cieply
  • Marcus Dejardin

Abstract

Financial constraints affecting new firms are some of the factors most cited for impeding entrepreneurial dynamics from flourishing. This article introduces the problem of regional patterns of financial constraints. The research is conducted with regard to the French regions and the new French firms being tracked at the firm level. It refers to entrepreneurial projects that are concretized in new firms. General entrepreneurial intentions in the French population that are aborted due to financial constraints are not reported. The point is of importance as the firm financing conditions are considered. First, an assessment of the regional banking activity leads to the conclusion of a relatively homogeneous situation, the activity in the core-region Île-de-France appearing however more contrasted. Second, the financial constraints affecting new firms are distinguished according to a four-case typology of credit rationing. It appears, inter alia, that a majority of firms is not facing credit rationing, but also that a non-negligible share is “self-constrained”. The classification is, third and finally, differentiated according to the regions. Despite the relatively homogeneous banking supply, some differences may still be at work. The explanations are hypothetical at this stage but evidence suggests that the regional dimension should definitely deserve further attention.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean Bonnet & Sylvie Cieply & Marcus Dejardin, 2005. "Financial constraints on new firms: looking for regional disparities," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 48(3), pages 217-246.
  • Handle: RePEc:bxr:bxrceb:y:2005:v:48:i:3:p:217-245
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    Cited by:

    1. Wim Naudé & Thomas Gries & Eric Wood & Aloe Meintjies, 2008. "Regional determinants of entrepreneurial start-ups in a developing country," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(2), pages 111-124, March.
    2. Gries Thomas & Naude Wim, 2011. "Entrepreneurship, Structural Change and a Global Economic Crisis," Entrepreneurship Research Journal, De Gruyter, vol. 1(3), pages 1-43, July.
    3. Jean Bonnet & Sylvie Cieply & Marcus Dejardin, 2007. "Does the regional dimension matter as regards finance and entrepreneurship ?," Post-Print halshs-00337426, HAL.
    4. Jože Damijan & Črt Kostevc & Sašo Polanec, 2015. "Access to finance, exporting and a non-monotonic firm expansion," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 42(1), pages 131-155, February.
    5. Joze P. Damijan & Crt Kostevc, 2011. "Firms’ Patterns of Trade and Access to Finance," Chapters,in: Post-Crisis Growth and Integration in Europe, chapter 19 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    6. Thomas Gries & Wim Naudé, 2010. "Entrepreneurship and structural economic transformation," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 34(1), pages 13-29, January.
    7. Martin Koning & Marie-Estelle Binet & François Facchini, 2010. "Les déterminants de la dynamique entrepreneuriale dans les régions françaises (1994-2003)," Working Papers halshs-00467900, HAL.
    8. Wim Naudé, 2016. "Entrepreneurship and the Reallocation of African Farmers," Agrekon, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 55(1-2), pages 1-33, June.
    9. Martin Koning & Marie-Estelle Binet & François Facchini, 2010. "Les déterminants de la dynamique entrepreneuriale dans les régions françaises (1994-2003)," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00467900, HAL.
    10. Gries, Thomas & Naude, Wim, 2008. "Entrepreneurship and Regional Economic Growth: Towards A General Theory of Start-Ups," WIDER Working Paper Series 070, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    11. Juan A. Máñez & María E. Rochina-Barrachina & Juan A. Sanchis-Llopis & Oscar Vicente, 2013. "Financial constraints and Spanish manufacturing firms’ R&D and exporting," Working Papers 1324, Department of Applied Economics II, Universidad de Valencia.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial constraints; Credit rationing; New Firms; Regional Disparities.;

    JEL classification:

    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General

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