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L'impact de la Maternité sur l'Activité des Femmes aux Etats-Unis

  • Hélène Périvier

RESUME :Aux Etats-Unis, durant les décennies 1970 et 1980, l’entrée massive des mères en couple sur le marché du travail a permis d’alimenter la croissance de l’activité féminine ;durant la décennie suivante, la participation des mères isolées a pris le relais sous l’impulsion des réformes de l’aide sociale au milieu des années 1990. Malgré ces tendances générales, la maternité pèse toujours sur les trajectoires professionnelles des femmes. L’environnement institutionnel américain peu favorable à l’équilibre entre vies familiale et professionnelle explique en partie cette pénalité que subissent les mères relativement aux hommes et aux femmes sans enfant.

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Article provided by ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles in its journal Brussels economic review.

Volume (Year): 51 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2/3 ()
Pages: 221-242

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Handle: RePEc:bxr:bxrceb:2013/112536
Note: Numéro spécial "Parentalité et emploi" décembre 2008, Editrice :Danièle Meulders
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