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Are Education and Entrepreneurial Income Endogenous? A Bayesian Analysis

Author

Listed:
  • Block Joern H.

    (Technische Universitat Munchen)

  • Hoogerheide Lennart

    (Free University Amsterdam)

  • Thurik Roy

    (Erasmus University Rotterdam)

Abstract

Education is a well-known driver of (entrepreneurial) income. The measurement of its influence, however, suffers from endogeneity suspicion. For instance, ability and occupational choice are mentioned as driving both the level of (entrepreneurial) income and of education. Using instru-mental variables can provide a way out. However, two questions remain: whether endogeneity is really present and whether it matters for the size of the estimated relationship. Using Bayesian methods, we find that the relationship between education and entrepreneurial income is indeed en-dogenous and that the impact of endogeneity on the estimated relationship between education and income is sizeable. Implications of our findings for research and practice are discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Block Joern H. & Hoogerheide Lennart & Thurik Roy, 2012. "Are Education and Entrepreneurial Income Endogenous? A Bayesian Analysis," Entrepreneurship Research Journal, De Gruyter, vol. 2(3), pages 1-29, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:erjour:v:2:y:2012:i:3:n:2
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Muhammad, Nabeel & Léo-Paul, Dana, 2015. "Collective Efficacy of a Regional Network: Extending the Social Embeddedness Perspective of Entrepreneurship," MPRA Paper 70120, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Fossen, Frank M. & Büttner, Tobias J.M., 2013. "The returns to education for opportunity entrepreneurs, necessity entrepreneurs, and paid employees," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 66-84.
    3. repec:spr:intemj:v:13:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s11365-016-0409-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Winters, John V., 2015. "Estimating the returns to schooling using cohort-level maternal education as an instrument," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 126(C), pages 25-27.
    5. Rietveld, C.A. & Groenen, P.J.F. & Koellinger, Ph.D. & van der Loos, M.J.H.M. & Thurik, A.R., 2013. "Living Forever: Entrepreneurial Overconfidence at Older Ages," ERIM Report Series Research in Management ERS-2013-012-STR, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) at Erasmus University Rotterdam.
    6. Andrea Asoni & Tino Sanandaji, 2016. "Identifying the effect of college education on business and employment survival," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 46(2), pages 311-324, February.
    7. Nazim Habibov & Elvin Afandi & Alex Cheung, 2017. "What is the effect of university education on chances to be self-employed in transitional countries?: Instrumental variable analysis of cross-sectional sample of 29 nations," International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, Springer, vol. 13(2), pages 487-500, June.
    8. Audretsch, David B. & Bönte, Werner & Tamvada, Jagannadha Pawan, 2013. "Religion, social class, and entrepreneurial choice," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 28(6), pages 774-789.
    9. Block, Joern H. & Miller, Danny & Wagner, Dominik, 2014. "Bayesian methods in family business research," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 97-104.

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