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Effects of cultural institutes on bilateral trade and FDI flows: Cultural diplomacy or economic altruism?

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  • Firat Demir
  • Hyeonjin Im

Abstract

The number of cultural institutes from major developed and developing countries increased significantly in the last twenty years. In this paper, using cross‐sectional and panel data analysis on bilateral trade in goods and services, and FDI inflows and outflows, we examine the economic effects of 1,266 cultural institutes from China, France, Germany, Japan, Portugal, Spain, Turkey and UK for the period of 1990–2015. The empirical results suggest that cultural institutes have significantly positive trade and FDI enhancing effects, which are persistent over time. However, these effects are most robust only with goods exports and FDI outflows. Furthermore, the economic effects of cultural institutes are not homogenous across destinations and are the strongest for developed rather than developing host countries. There is also significant heterogeneity among cultural institutes with significant differences in their economic effects on different types of bilateral trade and FDI flows.

Suggested Citation

  • Firat Demir & Hyeonjin Im, 2020. "Effects of cultural institutes on bilateral trade and FDI flows: Cultural diplomacy or economic altruism?," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(9), pages 2463-2489, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:worlde:v:43:y:2020:i:9:p:2463-2489
    DOI: 10.1111/twec.12906
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