IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Effects of Multilateral Trade Liberalization on Prices


  • Jota Ishikawa
  • Hiroshi Mukunoki


To analyze the effects of simultaneous tariff reductions by multiple importing countries on prices, we construct a simple three-country model where a good is produced by a monopolist with nonconstant marginal cost and imported by two countries. We compare two representative tariff-reduction formulas: the "fixed-amount" and the "uniform percentage" reductions. The uniform percentage reductions may increase the consumer price in the importing country, whose initial tariff is lower. Thus, importing countries with relatively low tariffs may prefer a bilateral trade agreement to a multilateral one to ensure consumer gains. Copyright © 2008 The Authors; Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Jota Ishikawa & Hiroshi Mukunoki, 2008. "Effects of Multilateral Trade Liberalization on Prices," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 16(1), pages 37-44, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:reviec:v:16:y:2008:i:1:p:37-44

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: link to full text
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ishikawa, Jota, 2000. "Foreign Monopoly and Trade Policy under Segmented and Integrated Markets," Economic Review, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 51(4), pages 321-336, January.
    2. Brander, James A. & Spencer, Barbara J., 1984. "Trade warfare: Tariffs and cartels," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(3-4), pages 227-242, May.
    3. Freund, Caroline, 2000. "Multilateralism and the endogenous formation of preferential trade agreements," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 359-376, December.
    4. Zhang, Anming & Zhang, Yimin, 1998. "An analysis of import protection as export promotion under economies of scale," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 199-219, April.
    5. Panagariya, Arvind, 1982. "Tariff Policy under Monopoly in General Equilibrium," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 23(1), pages 143-156, February.
    6. Hatta, Tatsuo & Fukushima, Takashi, 1979. "The welfare effect of tariff rate reductions in a many country world," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 503-511, November.
    7. Benson, Bruce L. & Hartigan, James C., 1983. "Tariffs which lower price in the restricting country : An analysis of spatial markets," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(1-2), pages 117-133, August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Kenji Fujiwara, 2013. "A Win–Win–Win Tariff–Tax Reform under Imperfect Competition," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(5), pages 857-867, November.
    2. Kenji Fujiwara & Ryoma Kitamura, 2014. "A trade and domestic tax reform in imperfectly competitive markets," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(6), pages 785-795, September.
    3. Jinji, Naoto & Mizoguchi, Yoshihiro, 2016. "Rules of origin and technology spillovers from foreign direct investment under international duopoly," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 47-60.
    4. Fujiwara, Kenji, 2014. "Pareto-improving tariff-tax reforms under imperfect competition," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 12-20.
    5. Kenji Fujiwara, 2014. "Tax Principles and Coordination of Trade and Domestic Policies Under Imperfect Competition," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(1-2), pages 29-40, June.
    6. Jota Ishikawa & Yoichi Sugita & Laixun Zhao, 2011. "Commercial Policy and Foreign Ownership," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(2), pages 300-312, May.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bla:reviec:v:16:y:2008:i:1:p:37-44. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Wiley-Blackwell Digital Licensing) or (Christopher F. Baum). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.