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Patterns and Determinants of International Trade Costs in the Food Industry

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  • Alessandro Olper
  • Valentina Raimondi

Abstract

This paper documents patterns in international trade costs in processed foods for a large cross‐section of developing and developed countries, during the 1976–2000 period. A trade costs index is inferred from a micro‐founded gravity equation that incorporates bilateral ‘iceberg’ trade costs. For 2000, the trade costs, expressed as weighted average tariff equivalent, range from 73% for the north to 134% for the south countries. The time patterns show an average reduction of about 13% in the observed period that rises to 26% for the emerging countries. However, the same does not occur for south countries. On ranking the trade costs determinants, we find that, on average, geographical and historical factors seem to dominate those of infrastructure and institutions. However, trade policy emerges as an important determinant of the trade costs between north and emerging countries.

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  • Alessandro Olper & Valentina Raimondi, 2009. "Patterns and Determinants of International Trade Costs in the Food Industry," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 60(2), pages 273-297, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jageco:v:60:y:2009:i:2:p:273-297
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1477-9552.2008.00185.x
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    Cited by:

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    2. Ozlem Yaylaci, 2012. "Evolution of Trade Costs," EcoMod2012 4267, EcoMod.
    3. Murat Genç & David Law, 2014. "A Gravity Model of Barriers to Trade in New Zealand," Treasury Working Paper Series 14/05, New Zealand Treasury.
    4. Ihle, Rico & von Cramon-Taubadel, Stephan & Zorya, Sergiy, 2010. "Country and border effects in the transmission of maize prices in Eastern Africa: evidence from a semi-parametric regression model," 2010 AAAE Third Conference/AEASA 48th Conference, September 19-23, 2010, Cape Town, South Africa 96184, African Association of Agricultural Economists (AAAE).
    5. Imre Ferto & Stefan Bojnec, 2012. "EU Enlargement and Agro-Food Export Performance on EU Market Segments," CERS-IE WORKING PAPERS 1206, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies.
    6. Fiankor, Dela-Dem Doe & Martinez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada & Brümmer, Bernhard, 2018. "Exports and governance: the role of private voluntary standards," GlobalFood Discussion Papers 275059, Georg-August-Universitaet Goettingen, GlobalFood, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development.
    7. Xia, Wenjun & Chen, Xiaohong & Song, Chao & Pérez-Carrera, Alejo, 2022. "Driving factors of virtual water in international grain trade: A study for belt and road countries," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 262(C).
    8. Pascal L. Ghazalian, 2016. "Processed Food Trade of Greece with EU and Non-EU Countries: An Empirical Analysis," International Journal of Food and Beverage Manufacturing and Business Models (IJFBMBM), IGI Global, vol. 1(2), pages 15-30, July.
    9. Duan, Shuwen & Grant, Jason H., 2012. "Agricultural Trade Costs: 1965-2010," 2012 Annual Meeting, August 12-14, 2012, Seattle, Washington 124950, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    10. Shepherd, Ben, 2011. "Logistics costs and competitiveness: measurement and trade policy applications," MPRA Paper 38254, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Štefan BOJNEC & Imre FERTŐ, 2011. "Information and communication infrastructure development and agro-food trade," Agricultural Economics, Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences, vol. 57(2), pages 64-70.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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