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European Electricity Grid Infrastructure Expansion in a 2050 Context

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  • Jonas Egerer, Clemens Gerbaulet, and Casimir Lorenz

Abstract

This paper analyzes the development of the European electricity transmission network for different policy scenarios at the horizon 2050. We apply a bottom-up techno-economic electricity sector model to determine transformation scenarios of the European electricity sector. It has a very detailed spatial disaggregation that allows for a fine representation of domestic and international electricity flows and transmission expansion. The cost-minimizing mixed-integer model calculates investments for time steps of ten years. The model results indicate that network requirements are lower than generally assumed. The largest share are domestic upgrades, rather than country interconnectors. Most investments (20bn EUR) occur in the near future, by 2030 the latest. Only the high-mitigation scenarios require large additional network investments. The timing and location of investments differ, depending on generation scenarios and cost assumptions for inter-connectors. The results indicate that carbon emission reduction targets alone provide insufficient information for long-term network planning.

Suggested Citation

  • Jonas Egerer, Clemens Gerbaulet, and Casimir Lorenz, 2016. "European Electricity Grid Infrastructure Expansion in a 2050 Context," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Sustainab).
  • Handle: RePEc:aen:journl:ej37-si3-egerer
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Egerer, Jonas & Rosellón, Juan & Schill, Wolf-Peter, 2015. "Power System Transformation toward Renewables: An Evaluation of Regulatory Approaches for Network Expansion," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 105-128.
    2. Juan Rosellón & Hannes Weigt, 2011. "A Dynamic Incentive Mechanism for Transmission Expansion in Electricity Networks: Theory, Modeling, and Application," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 1), pages 119-148.
    3. repec:wsi:ccexxx:v:04:y:2013:i:supp0:n:s2010007813020016 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Egerer, Jonas & Kunz, Friedrich & Hirschhausen, Christian von, 2013. "Development scenarios for the North and Baltic Seas Grid – A welfare economic analysis," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 123-134.
    5. Fürsch, Michaela & Hagspiel, Simeon & Jägemann, Cosima & Nagl, Stephan & Lindenberger, Dietmar & Tröster, Eckehard, 2013. "The role of grid extensions in a cost-efficient transformation of the European electricity system until 2050," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 642-652.
    6. Jan Abrell & Friedrich Kunz, 2015. "Integrating Intermittent Renewable Wind Generation - A Stochastic Multi-Market Electricity Model for the European Electricity Market," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 15(1), pages 117-147, March.
    7. repec:aen:journl:eeep3_2_03egerer is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Florian Leuthold & Hannes Weigt & Christian Hirschhausen, 2012. "A Large-Scale Spatial Optimization Model of the European Electricity Market," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 75-107, March.
    9. Weigt, Hannes & Jeske, Till & Leuthold, Florian & von Hirschhausen, Christian, 2010. ""Take the long way down": Integration of large-scale North Sea wind using HVDC transmission," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(7), pages 3164-3173, July.
    10. Jonas Egerer & Clemens Gerbaulet & Richard Ihlenburg & Friedrich Kunz & Benjamin Reinhard & Christian von Hirschhausen & Alexander Weber & Jens Weibezahn, 2014. "Electricity Sector Data for Policy-Relevant Modeling: Data Documentation and Applications to the German and European Electricity Markets," Data Documentation 72, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    11. Hagspiel, S. & Jägemann, C. & Lindenberger, D. & Brown, T. & Cherevatskiy, S. & Tröster, E., 2014. "Cost-optimal power system extension under flow-based market coupling," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 654-666.
    12. Jonas Egerer and Wolf-Peter Schill, 2014. "Power System Transformation toward Renewables: Investment Scenarios for Germany," Economics of Energy & Environmental Policy, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 2).
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    1. repec:eee:enepol:v:117:y:2018:i:c:p:228-246 is not listed on IDEAS

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    JEL classification:

    • F0 - International Economics - - General

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