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"Take the long way down": Integration of large-scale North Sea wind using HVDC transmission

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  • Weigt, Hannes
  • Jeske, Till
  • Leuthold, Florian
  • von Hirschhausen, Christian

Abstract

We analyze the impact of extensive wind development in Germany for the year 2015, focusing on grid extensions and price signals. We apply the electricity generation and network model ELMOD to compare zonal, nodal, and uniform pricing approaches. In addition to a reference case of network extensions recommended by the German Energy Agency (Dena), we develop a scenario to transmit wind energy to major load centers in Western and Southern Germany via high-voltage direct current (HVDC) connections. From an economic-engineering standpoint, our results indicate that these connections are the most economic way to manage the integration of large-scale offshore wind resources, and that nodal pricing is most likely to determine the locales for future investment to eliminate congestion. We conclude with a description of the model's potential limitations.

Suggested Citation

  • Weigt, Hannes & Jeske, Till & Leuthold, Florian & von Hirschhausen, Christian, 2010. ""Take the long way down": Integration of large-scale North Sea wind using HVDC transmission," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(7), pages 3164-3173, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:38:y:2010:i:7:p:3164-3173
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Bentzen, Jan & Engsted, Tom, 1993. "Short- and long-run elasticities in energy demand : A cointegration approach," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 9-16, January.
    2. Butler, Lucy & Neuhoff, Karsten, 2008. "Comparison of feed-in tariff, quota and auction mechanisms to support wind power development," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 33(8), pages 1854-1867.
    3. Klessmann, Corinna & Nabe, Christian & Burges, Karsten, 2008. "Pros and cons of exposing renewables to electricity market risks--A comparison of the market integration approaches in Germany, Spain, and the UK," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 3646-3661, October.
    4. Hogan, William W, 1992. "Contract Networks for Electric Power Transmission," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 4(3), pages 211-242, September.
    5. Leuthold, Florian & Weigt, Hannes & von Hirschhausen, Christian, 2008. "Efficient pricing for European electricity networks - The theory of nodal pricing applied to feeding-in wind in Germany," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 284-291, December.
    6. Richard Green, 2007. "Nodal pricing of electricity: how much does it cost to get it wrong?," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 31(2), pages 125-149, April.
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