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Giving Mom a Break: The Impact of Higher EITC Payments on Maternal Health

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  • William N. Evans
  • Craig L. Garthwaite

Abstract

The 1993 expansions of the Earned Income Tax Credit created the first meaningful separation in benefits between families containing two or more children and those with only one child. If income is protective of health, we should see improvements over time in the health for mothers eligible for these higher EITC benefits. Using data from the Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance Survey, we find improvements in self-reported health for affected mothers. Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, we find reductions in the probability of having risky levels of biomarkers for these same women

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  • William N. Evans & Craig L. Garthwaite, 2014. "Giving Mom a Break: The Impact of Higher EITC Payments on Maternal Health," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 6(2), pages 258-290, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:aea:aejpol:v:6:y:2014:i:2:p:258-90
    Note: DOI: 10.1257/pol.6.2.258
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    1. repec:bla:ecinqu:v:55:y:2017:i:4:p:1986-2007 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Austin Nichols & Jesse Rothstein, 2015. "The Earned Income Tax Credit," NBER Chapters,in: Economics of Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States, volume 1, pages 137-218 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    7. repec:eee:socmed:v:194:y:2017:i:c:p:67-75 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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