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Market Orientation and Gender Wage Gaps. An International Study

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  • Weichselbaumer, Doris

    (Department of Economics, University of Linz, Linz, Austria)

  • Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf

    (Department of Economics, University of Linz, Linz, Austria, and Department of Economics and Finance, Institute for Advanced Studies, Vienna, Austria)

  • Zweimüller, Martina

    (Department of Economics, University of Linz, Linz, Austria)

Abstract

Two very different approaches are used to explore the relation between market orientation and gender wage differentials in international data. More market orientation might be related to gender wage gaps via its effects on competition in product and labor markets and the general absence of regulation in the economy. The first approach employs meta-analysis data and takes advantage of the fact that many studies already exist which use national data sources to the best possible extent. The second approach uses comparable micro data from the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP), which allows calculating internationally consistent gender wage residuals in the first place. By comparing these two very different methods of data collection we get a robust result relating higher levels of market orientation as proxied by the Economic Freedom Index with lower gender wage gaps.

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File URL: http://www.ihs.ac.at/publications/eco/es-217.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for Advanced Studies in its series Economics Series with number 217.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ihs:ihsesp:217

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Keywords: Gender wage gap; Competition; Market orientation;

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References

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  1. Berggren, Niclas, 1999. " Economic Freedom and Equality: Friends or Foes?," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 100(3-4), pages 203-23, September.
  2. Doris Weichselbaumer & Rudolf Winter-Ebmer, 2003. "Rhetoric in Economic Research: The Case of Gender Wage Differentials," Economics working papers 2003-12, Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
  3. Oostendorp, Remco, 2004. "Globalization and the gender wage gap," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3256, The World Bank.
  4. Weichselbaumer, Doris & Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf, 2003. "A Meta-Analysis of the International Gender Wage Gap," CEPR Discussion Papers 4127, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Boris Hirsch & Michael Oberfichtner & Claus Schnabel, 2012. "Do women benefit from competitive markets? Product market competition and the gender pay gap in Germany," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 32(2), pages 1618-1624.
  2. Josef Montag, 2013. "Is Pro-Labor Law Pro-Women? Evidence from India," MENDELU Working Papers in Business and Economics 2013-40, Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Business and Economics.
  3. Nopo, Hugo & Daza, Nancy & Ramos, Johanna, 2011. "Gender Earnings Gaps in the World," IZA Discussion Papers 5736, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Hirsch, Boris & Oberfichtner, Michael & Schnabel, Claus, 2014. "The levelling effect of product market competition on gender wage discrimination," Discussion Papers 94, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  5. Parra Osorio, Juan Carlos & Wodon, Quentin, 2010. "Gender, Time Use, and Labor Income in Guinea: Micro and Macro Analyses," MPRA Paper 28465, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Hirsch, Boris & Oberfichtner, Michael & Schnabel, Claus, 2014. "The Levelling Effect of Product Market Competition on Gender Wage Discrimination," IZA Discussion Papers 8317, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Backiny-Yetna, Prospere & Wodon, Quentin, 2010. "Gender Labor Income Shares and Human Capital Investment in the Republic of Congo," MPRA Paper 27737, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Dorota Witkowska, 2013. "Gender Disparities in the Labor Market in the EU," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer, vol. 19(4), pages 331-354, November.

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