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Competition, Takeovers and Gender Discrimination

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  • Heyman, Fredrik
  • Svaleryd, Helena
  • Vlachos, Jonas

Abstract

Theories of taste-based discrimination predict that competitive pressures will drive discriminatory behaviour out of the market. Using detailed matched employer-employee data, we analyze how firm takeovers and product market competition are related to the gender composition of the firm’s workforce and the gender wage gap. Using a difference-in-difference framework and dealing with several endogeneity concerns, we find that the share of female employees increases as a result of an ownership change, in particular when product market competition is weak. Further, increased competition reduces the gender wage gap, especially among highly educated employees. While the estimated wage effect is quite small, the results support the main theoretical predictions.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 6879.

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Date of creation: Jun 2008
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:6879

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Keywords: Competition; Discrimination; Takeovers; Wages;

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Cited by:
  1. Aparicio Fenoll, Ainhoa, 2011. "The Effect of Product Market Competition on Job Instability," IZA Discussion Papers 5669, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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