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Market Orientation and Gender Wage Gaps: An International Study

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Author Info

  • Zweimüller, Martina

    ()
    (University of Linz)

  • Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf

    ()
    (University of Linz)

  • Weichselbaumer, Doris

    ()
    (University of Linz)

Abstract

Two very different approaches are used to explore the relation between market orientation and gender wage differentials in international data. More market orientation might be related to gender wage gaps via its effects on competition in product and labor markets and the general absence of regulation in the economy. The first approach employs meta-analysis data and takes advantage of the fact that many studies already exist which use national data sources to the best possible extent. The second approach uses comparable micro data from the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP), which allows calculating internationally consistent gender wage residuals in the first place. By comparing these two very different methods of data collection we get a robust result relating higher levels of market orientation as proxied by the Economic Freedom Index with lower gender wage gaps.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2918.

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Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2007
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Kyklos, 2008, 61 (4), 615-635
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2918

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Keywords: market orientation; competition; gender wage gap;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Parra Osorio, Juan Carlos & Wodon, Quentin, 2010. "Gender, Time Use, and Labor Income in Guinea: Micro and Macro Analyses," MPRA Paper 28465, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Backiny-Yetna, Prospere & Wodon, Quentin, 2010. "Gender Labor Income Shares and Human Capital Investment in the Republic of Congo," MPRA Paper 27737, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Dorota Witkowska, 2013. "Gender Disparities in the Labor Market in the EU," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer, Springer, vol. 19(4), pages 331-354, November.
  4. Hirsch, Boris & Oberfichtner, Michael & Schnabel, Claus, 2014. "The levelling effect of product market competition on gender wage discrimination," Discussion Papers 94, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  5. Josef Montag, 2013. "Is Pro-Labor Law Pro-Women? Evidence from India," MENDELU Working Papers in Business and Economics, Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Business and Economics 2013-40, Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Business and Economics.
  6. Nopo, Hugo & Daza, Nancy & Ramos, Johanna, 2011. "Gender Earnings Gaps in the World," IZA Discussion Papers 5736, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Boris Hirsch & Michael Oberfichtner & Claus Schnabel, 2012. "Do women benefit from competitive markets? Product market competition and the gender pay gap in Germany," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 32(2), pages 1618-1624.
  8. Hirsch, Boris & Oberfichtner, Michael & Schnabel, Claus, 2014. "The Levelling Effect of Product Market Competition on Gender Wage Discrimination," IZA Discussion Papers 8317, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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