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A Meta-Analysis of the International Gender Wage Gap

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  • Weichselbaumer, Doris

    (Department of Economics, University of Linz)

  • Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf

    (Department of Economics and Finance, Institute for Advanced Studies, Vienna)

Abstract

Since the early seventies, hundreds of authors have calculated gender wage differentials between women and men of equal productivity. This meta-study provides a quantitative review of this vast amount of empirical literature on gender wage discrimination as it concerns differences in methodology, data, countries and time periods. We place particular emphasis on a proper consideration of the quality of the underlying study which is done by a weighting with quality indicators. The results show that data restrictions have the biggest impact on the resulting gender wage gap. Moreover, we are able to show what effect a misspecification of the underlying wage equation – like the frequent use of potential experience – has on the calculated gender wage gap. Over time, raw wage differentials world-wide have fallen substantially; however, most of this decrease is due to an increased labor market productivity of females.

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File URL: http://www.ihs.ac.at/publications/eco/es-143.pdf
File Function: First version, 2003
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for Advanced Studies in its series Economics Series with number 143.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ihs:ihsesp:143

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Keywords: Gender wage differential; Meta-analysis;

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References

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  20. Eric A. Hanushek, . "The Evidence on Class Size," Wallis Working Papers WP10, University of Rochester - Wallis Institute of Political Economy.
  21. Doris Weichselbaumer & Rudolf Winter-Ebmer, 2003. "The effects of competition and equal treatment laws on the gender wage differential," Economics working papers 2003-07, Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
  22. Ashenfelter, Orley & Hannan, Timothy, 1986. "Sex Discrimination and Product Market Competition: The Case of the Banking Industry," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 101(1), pages 149-73, February.
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