The male–female gap in physician earnings: evidence from a public health insurance system
AbstractEmpirical evidence from U.S. studies suggests that female physicians earn less than their male counterparts, on average. The earnings gap does not disappear when individual and market characteristics are controlled for. This paper investigates whether a gender earnings difference can also be observed in a health care system predominantly financed by public insurance companies. Using a unique data set of physiciansâ earnings recorded by a public social security agency in an Austrian province between 2000 and 2004, we find a gender gap in average earnings of about 32 percent. A substantial share of this gap (20 to 47 percent) cannot be explained by individual and market characteristics, leaving labor market discrimination as one possible explanation for the observed gender earnings difference of physicians.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Health Economics.
Volume (Year): 20 (2011)
Issue (Month): 10 (October)
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Web page: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/jhome/5749
Other versions of this item:
- Engelbert Theurl & Hannes Winner, 2010. "The Male-Female Gap in Physician Earnings: Evidence from a Public Health Insurance System," NRN working papers, The Austrian Center for Labor Economics and the Analysis of the Welfare State, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria 2010-01, The Austrian Center for Labor Economics and the Analysis of the Welfare State, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
- Theurl, Engelbert & Winner, Hannes, 2010. "The male-female gap in physician earnings: Evidence from a public health insurance system," Working Papers in Economics and Finance, University of Salzburg 2010-15, University of Salzburg.
- I11 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Analysis of Health Care Markets
- I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
- J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
- J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
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- Gächter, Martin & Schwazer, Peter & Theurl, Engelbert & Winner, Hannes, 2011.
"Physician Density in a Two-Tiered Health Care System,"
Working Papers in Economics and Finance, University of Salzburg
2011-5, University of Salzburg.
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- Schurer, Stefanie & Kuehnle, Daniel & Scott, Anthony & Cheng, Terence Chai, 2012.
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IZA Discussion Papers
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- Weeks, William B. & Paraponaris, Alain & Ventelou, Bruno, 2013. "Sex-based differences in income and response to proposed financial incentives among general practitioners in France," Health Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 113(1), pages 199-205.
- Wang, Chao & Sweetman, Arthur, 2013. "Gender, family status and physician labour supply," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 17-25.
- Franc, Carine & Dumontet, Magali, 2013. "Male and Female GPs incomes: A study of the determinants through quantiles regressions," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University 123456789/11717, Paris Dauphine University.
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