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Gender Labor Income Shares and Human Capital Investment in the Republic of Congo

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  • Backiny-Yetna, Prospere
  • Wodon, Quentin

Abstract

This paper uses a recent, nationally representative household survey for the Republic of Congo—the 2005 ECOM (Enquête Congolaise auprès des Ménages) survey—to test the unitary model of household consumption. The study finds that a higher labor income share obtained by women does lead to a higher share of household consumption allocated to investments in human capital (as proxied through spending for food, education, health, and children’s clothing). The impact is not negligible and it is statistically significant, suggesting long-term benefits through children from efforts to increase female labor income.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 27737.

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Date of creation: Aug 2010
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:27737

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Keywords: Gender; Labor Income; Consumption Patterns; Republic of Congo;

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  1. Bourguignon, Francois & Chiappori, Pierre-Andre, 1992. "Collective models of household behavior : An introduction," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 36(2-3), pages 355-364, April.
  2. Alain Brilleau & François Roubaud & Constance Torelli, 2004. "L’emploi, le chômage et les conditions d’activité dans les principales agglomérations de sept Etats membres de l’UEMOA Principaux résultats de la phase 1 de l’enquête 1-2-3 de 2001-2002," Working Papers DT/2004/06, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  3. Martina Zweimüller & Rudolf Winter-Ebmer & Doris Weichselbaumer, 2008. "Market Orientation and Gender Wage Gaps: an International Study," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 61(4), pages 615-635, November.
  4. Hoddinott, John & Haddad, Lawrence, 1995. "Does Female Income Share Influence Household Expenditures? Evidence from Cote d'Ivoire," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 57(1), pages 77-96, February.
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Cited by:
  1. Nopo, Hugo & Daza, Nancy & Ramos, Johanna, 2011. "Gender Earnings Gaps in the World," IZA Discussion Papers 5736, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Jorge Saba Arbache & Alexandre Kolev & Ewa Filipiak, 2010. "Gender Disparities in Africa's Labor Market," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2520, October.
  3. Klasen, Stephan & Lechtenfeld, Tobias & Povel, Felix, 2010. "What about the Women? Female Headship, Poverty and Vulnerability in Thailand and Vietnam," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Hannover 2010 43, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.

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