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Exchange Rates, Inflation and Monetary Policy Objectives in Open Economies: The Experience of Chile

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  • Rodrigo Caputo

Abstract

This paper characterizes, empirically, the conduct of monetary policy in a small open economy. In particular, using as a case study the Chilean inflation targeting experience, we assess the role of the exchange rate in the determination of the interest rate. We conclude that Chile has adopted what Svensson (1997) calls a gradual approach to targeting inflation. This means, in practice, that the central bank modifies its policy instrument, the interest rate, whenever expected inflation or output deviate from its target. In this context, we find evidence that the monetary authorities also react to real exchange rate misalignments. This reaction is comparatively larger than that found in developed economies. Finally, the evidence, although not conclusive, seems to suggest a non linear response to exchange rate misalignments: the central bank reacts strongly to large deviations rather than to small ones

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Econometric Society in its series Econometric Society 2004 Latin American Meetings with number 298.

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Date of creation: 11 Aug 2004
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Handle: RePEc:ecm:latm04:298

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Keywords: Monetary Policy; Open Economy; GMM Estimation of Policy Reaction Function;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Rodrigo Caputo & Felipe Liendo & Juan Pablo Medina, 2006. "New Keynesian Models For Chile During the Inflation Targeting Regime: A Structural Approach," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 402, Central Bank of Chile.
  2. Rodrigo Caputo, 2004. "Habit formation and its implications for small open economies," Money Macro and Finance (MMF) Research Group Conference 2003 11, Money Macro and Finance Research Group.
  3. Ronald H. Lange, 2013. "Monetary policy reactions and the exchange rate: a regime-switching structural VAR for Canada," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(5), pages 612-632, September.
  4. Juan Pablo Medina & Claudio Soto, 2007. "The Chilean Business Cycles Through the Lens of a Stochastic General Equilibrium Model," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 457, Central Bank of Chile.
  5. Rodrigo Caputo & Felipe Liendo & Juan Pablo Medina, 2007. "New Keynesian Models for Chile in the Inflation-Targeting Period," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series, in: Frederic S. Miskin & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (Se (ed.), Monetary Policy under Inflation Targeting, edition 1, volume 11, chapter 13, pages 507-546 Central Bank of Chile.
  6. Arend, Mario, 2005. "Efectos de una nueva medida de shock monetario bajo el esquema de metas de inflación en Chile
    [Effects of a New Measure of Monetary Shock Under Inflation Targeting in Chile]
    ," MPRA Paper 27156, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Felipe Morandé L. & Mauricio Tejada G., 2009. "Persistent Supply Shocks: A Pain in the Neck for Central Banks?," Journal Economía Chilena (The Chilean Economy), Central Bank of Chile, vol. 12(3), pages 25-58, December.

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