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Cultural Leaders and the Clash of Civilizations

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  • Esther Hauk
  • Hannes Mueller

Abstract

This article builds a micro founded model of the clash of cultures. The clash is defined as the parents fear of a trait change by their child in an overlapping generations model with intergenerational transmission of cultural traits. The extent of the clash is manipulated by cultural leaders who benefit from the cultural education eort by parents. We identify three channels through which the leaders can affect the clash of cultures: (i) by providing benecial cultural values, (ii) by claims of cultural superiority and (iii) by cultural alienation, i.e. by inducing cultural dislike towards their own group. We show that all three channels can be in the leaders interest but channels (ii) and (iii) reduce the utility of the leaders goup members. This hints to a strong conict of interest within groups - between the population at large and the benefactors of radicalization. We further show how the use of alienation relates to the economic opportunities available to a group.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Barcelona Graduate School of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 481.

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Date of creation: Jul 2010
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Handle: RePEc:bge:wpaper:481

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  1. Masaru Sasaki, 1998. "An Equilibrium Search Model with Co-Worker Discrimination," Labor and Demography, EconWPA 9802001, EconWPA.
  2. Claude Berrebi, 2003. "Evidence About the Link Between Education, Poverty and Terrorism Among Palestinians," Working Papers, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section. 856, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  3. Neeraj Kaushal & Robert Kaestner & Cordelia Reimers, 2007. "Labor Market Effects of September 11th on Arab and Muslim Residents of the United States," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 42(2).
  4. Becker, Gary S., 1971. "The Economics of Discrimination," University of Chicago Press Economics Books, University of Chicago Press, edition 1, number 9780226041162, 01-2013.
  5. Alberto Bisin & Giorgio Topa & Thierry Verdier, 2009. "Cultural transmission, socialization and the population dynamics of multiple-trait distributions," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol. 5(1), pages 139-154.
  6. repec:fth:iniesr:564 is not listed on IDEAS
  7. Felix J. J. Vardy & John Morgan, 2006. "Diversity in the Workplace," IMF Working Papers, International Monetary Fund 06/237, International Monetary Fund.
  8. Dennis J. Aigner & Glen G. Cain, 1977. "Statistical theories of discrimination in labor markets," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 30(2), pages 175-187, January.
  9. Claude Berrebi & Esteban F. Klor, 2008. "Are Voters Sensitive to Terrorism?: Direct Evidence from the Israeli Electorate," Working Papers, RAND Corporation Publications Department 477-1, RAND Corporation Publications Department.
  10. Black, Dan A, 1995. "Discrimination in an Equilibrium Search Model," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 13(2), pages 309-33, April.
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