# Econometric Society

# Econometrica

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### May 1973, Volume 41, Issue 3

**455-465 Risk Aversion and Demand Functions***by*Deschamps, Robert**467-501 Oligopoly in Markets with a Continuum of Traders***by*Shitovitz, Benyamin**503-508 The Sampling Distribution of the Liviatan Estimator of the Geometric Distributed Lag Parameter***by*Scadding, John L**509-528 Autonomous Control of the Economic System***by*Kornai, Janos & Martos, Bela**529-560 Optimal Policies for Economic Stabilization***by*Pindyck, Robert S**561-568 Public Goods and Income Distribution: Some Further Results***by*Maital, Shlomo**569-573 Irreducibility in the von Neumann Model***by*Robinson, Stephen M**575-579 Note on Coefficient Restrictions in Estimating Sets of Demand Relations***by*Bowden, Roger J**581-583 A Note Concerning Asymptotic Covariance Expressions***by*McCallum, B T

### March 1973, Volume 41, Issue 2

**187-237 Ordinal Preference and Rational Choice***by*Herzberger, Hans G**239-253 Experience and Productivity in the Israel Diamond Industry***by*Levhari, David & Sheshinski, Eytan**255-262 Errors in Variables and Serially Correlated Disturbances in Distributed Lag Models***by*Grether, D M & Maddala, G S**263-284 Technology Diffusion, Substitution, and X-Efficiency***by*Shen, T Y**285-297 On a Class of Equilibrium Conditions for Majority Rule***by*Kramer, Gerald H**299-320 Multiple Equation Systems with Stationary Errors***by*Hannan, E J & Terrell, R D**321-335 Consumer Choice, Portfolio Decisions, and Transaction Costs***by*Zabel, Edward**337-346 Multicollinearity and the Mean Square Error of Alternative Estimators***by*Feldstein, Martin S**347-355 Determination of Consumer Unit Scales***by*Singh, Balvir & Nagar, A L**357-364 Small Sample and Asymptotic Relations Between Maximum Likelihood and Three Stage Least Squares Estimators***by*Dhrymes, Phoebus J**365-370 Comment on R. P. Byron's "The Restricted Aitken Estimation of Sets of Demand Relations"***by*Basmann, R L & Battalio, Raymond C & Kagel, John H**371-374 The Restricted Aitken Estimation of Sets of Demand Relations: Reply***by*Byron, R P**375-375 Information Lost in Aggregation: A Bayesian Approach-A Further Note***by*Kelejian, Harry H

### January 1973, Volume 41, Issue 1

**1-25 A Mixture-Set Axiomatization of Conditional Subjective Expected Utility***by*Fishburn, Peter C**27-34 Risk Independence and Multiattributed Utility Functions***by*Keeney, Ralph L**35-39 The Risk Independence Axiom***by*Pollak, Robert A**41-58 The Exact Finite Sample Distribution of a Non-Consistent Structural Variance Estimator***by*Basmann, R L & Richardson, D H**59-65 An Analysis of the Properties of the Exact Finite Sample Distribution of a Nonconsistent G CL Structural Variance Estimator***by*Ebbeler, Donald H & McDonald, James B**67-77 Approximations to the Distribution Functions of the Ordinary Least-Squares and Two-Stage Least-Squares Estimators in the Case of Two Included Endogenous Variables***by*Mariano, Roberto S**79-95 The "Saddlepoint Property" and the Structure of Dynamic Heterogeneous Capital Good Models***by*Burmeister, Edwin, et al**97-108 A Stochastic Model of Discrimination in the Labor Market***by*Carroll, Stephen J & Rolph, John E**109-118 Multiperiod Predictions from Stochastic Difference Equations by Bayesian Methods***by*Chow, Gregory C**119-134 Restricted and Unrestricted Reduced Forms: Asymptotic Distribution and Relative Efficiency***by*Dhrymes, Phoebus J**135-155 A Subordinated Stochastic Process Model with Finite Variance for Speculative Prices***by*Clark, Peter K**157-159 A Subordinated Stochastic Process Model with Finite Variance for Speculative Prices: Comment***by*Mandelbrot, Benoit B**161-164 The Asymptotic Distribution of Dynamic Multipliers***by*Schmidt, Peter**165-169 On the Difference Between Conditional and Unconditional Asymptotic Distributions of Estimates in Distributed Lag Models with Integer-Valued Parameters***by*Schmidt, Peter**171-177 Estimation of Standard Errors of the Characteristic Roots of a Dynamic Econometric Model***by*Oberhofer, W & Kmenta, J**179-183 A Note on Externalities and the Core***by*Starrett, David A

### November 1972, Volume 40, Issue 6

**979-1001 Structural Equation Methods in the Social Sciences***by*Goldberger, Arthur S**1003-1019 Power Structure in Dichotomous Voting***by*Bartoszynski, Robert**1021-1041 The Structural Estimation of a Stochastic Differential Equation System***by*Phillips, P C B**1043-1058 The Multi-Period Control Problem Under Uncertainty***by*Prescott, Edward C**1059-1081 A Class of Informative Priors and Distributed Lag Analysis***by*Leamer, Edward E**1083-1090 Some Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for Representative Decision on Two Alternatives***by*Fine, Kit**1091-1108 Cores and Prices in an Exchange Economy with an Atomless Sector***by*Dreze, Jacques H, et al**1109-1119 The Exact Finite Sample Distribution Function of the Limited Information Maximum Likelihood Identifiability Test Statistic***by*McDonald, James B**1121-1135 Transitive Multi-Stage Majority Decisions with Quasi-Transitive Individual Preferences***by*Batra, Raveendra N & Pattanaik, Prasanta K**1137-1146 An Optimal Growth Model with Time Lags***by*El-Hodiri, Mohamed A & Loehman, Edna & Whinston, Andrew B**1147-1150 Proportionate Variances and the Identification Problem***by*Kelly, Jerry S**1151-1153 The Theorems of Debreu and Peleg for Ordered Topological Spaces***by*Lee, Lung-Fei**1155-1163 The Quadratic Assignment Problem: A Note***by*Heffley, Dennis R**1165-1166 A Note on a Note on Dutta's Estimate of World Demand for Indian Tea***by*Dutta, Manoranjan & Nargund, Narayan K

### September 1972, Volume 40, Issue 5

**793-819 Some Statistical Implications of the Log Transformation of Multiplicative Models***by*Teekens, R & Koerts, J**821-826 Neutrality, Monotonicity, and the Right of Veto***by*Guha, Ashok**827-848 Binary Choice of Urban Transport Mode in the San Francisco Bay Region***by*McGillivray, Robert G**849-853 Constraints Often Overlooked in Analyses of Simultaneous Equation Models***by*Zellner, Arnold**855-865 Constraints on the Parameters in Two Simple Simultaneous Equation Models***by*Genberg, Hans**867-881 The Local Uniqueness of Equilibria***by*Dierker, Egbert & Dierker, Hildegard**883-898 Decomposition of Linear Programs by Direct Distribution***by*Kate, A**899-900 The Covariance Matrix of the Limited Information Maximum Likelihood Estimator***by*Bergstrom, A R**901-903 The Covariance Matrix of the Limited Information Estimator and the Identification Test: Comment***by*Fisher, Franklin M & Kadane, Joseph B**905-906 The Covariance Matrix of the Limited Information Estimator and the Identification Test: Reply***by*Liu, Ta-Chung & Breen, William J**907-907 A Comment on Estimating a Structural Equation in a Large System***by*Rayner, A C**909-909 A Comment on Estimating a Structural Equation in a Large System: Reply***by*Fisher, Walter D & Wadycki, Walter J**911-912 Note on Consistent Estimation of the Variance of the Disturbances in the Linear Model***by*Kloek, T**913-915 The Power of an F-Test in the Context of a Structural Equation***by*Revankar, Nagesh & Mallela, Parthasaradhi**917-922 A Linear Oligopoly Game***by*Manas, Miroslav**923-927 Specification With Deflated Variables and Specious Spurious Correlation***by*Belsley, David A**929-929 Spurious Seasonal Fluctuations in Seasonally Adjusted Series***by*Easton, B H**931-934 Index Number Systems***by*Pfouts, Ralph W**935-936 A Note on Asymptotic Output Elasticity***by*Gaburro, Giuseppe**937-941 Returns to Scale and Substitutability in the Repairmen Problem***by*Syrquin, Moises**943-945 Extensions of the ZKD Model: A Comment***by*Gander, James P**947-949 A Note on Professor Stiglitz' "Distribution of Income and Wealth."***by*Tsuji, Masatsugu**951-953 Two Remarks on the Number of Equilibria of an Economy***by*Dierker, Egbert**955-958 Continuity Properties of the Core of a Market: A Correction***by*Kannai, Yakar**959-959 Interpersonal Comparison and Partial Comparability: A Correction***by*Sen, Amartya K**961-962 SYMINV: An Algorithm for the Inversion of a Positive Definite Matrix by the Cholesky Decomposition***by*Seaks, Terry**963-963 A Pearsonian Curve-Fitting Algorithm***by*Gapinski, James H & Kumar, T Krishna

### July 1972, Volume 40, Issue 4

**603-615 Smooth Preferences***by*Debreu, Gerard**617-636 Testing for Fourth Order Autocorrelation in Qtrly Regression Equations***by*Wallis, Kenneth F**637-642 Fair Net Trades***by*Schmeidler, David & Vind, Karl**643-652 The Existence of Moments of the Ordinary Least Squares and Two-Stage Least Squares Estimators***by*Mariano, Roberto S**653-680 Finite-Sample Properties of the k-Class Estimators***by*Sawa, Takamitsu**681-687 A Cost- Inclusive Simultaneous Equation Model of Birth Rates***by*Gregory, Paul R & Campbell, John M & Cheng, Benjamin S**689-698 Weaker Criteria and Tests for Linear Restrictions in Regression***by*Wallace, T D**699-709 Operational Techniques and Tables for Making Weak MSE Tests for Restrictions in Regressions***by*Goodnight, James & Wallace, T D**711-717 A General Formulation of the Lechatelier-Samuelson Principle***by*Eichhorn, Wolfgang & Oettli, Werner**719-722 Regression with Non-Gaussian Stable Disturbances: Some Sampling Results***by*Kadiyala, Koteswara Rao**723-736 The Factor-Price Equalization Theorem***by*Kuga, Kiyoshi**737-747 The S-Branch Utility Tree: A Generalization of the Linear Expenditure System***by*Brown, Murray & Heien, Dale M**749-752 An Econometric Model of the World Tin Economy: A Comment***by*Banks, F E**753-755 An Econometric Model of the World Tin Economy: Reply to a Comment by F. E. Banks***by*Desai, Meghnad**757-758 Relative Asymptotic Bias from Errors of Omission and Measurement***by*McCallum, B T**759-761 A Note on the Use of Proxy Variables***by*Wickens, Michael R**763-766 An Algorithm for Computing the von Neumann Balanced Growth Path***by*Bose, Deb Kumar & Bose, Sanjit**767-767 Two Algorithms for Computing the von Neumann Balanced Growth Rate***by*Weil, Roman L**769-770 The Efficiency of the Two-Step Estimator***by*Wallis, Kenneth F**771-771 A Note on Anthony Y. C. Koo, "Revealed Preference-A Structural Analysis."***by*Uebe, Goetz**773-773 A Full-Information Maximum Likelihood Program***by*Fair, Ray C

### May 1972, Volume 40, Issue 3

**431-453 Generalized Separability***by*Pollak, Robert A**455-462 Qualitative and Limited Dependent Variables in Economic Relationships***by*Johnson, Thomas**463-485 The Classical Theory of International Adjustment: A Restatement***by*Chacholiades, Miltiades**487-496 A Nonlinear Duality Theorem without Convexity***by*Evans, J P & Gould, F J**497-514 Methods of Estimation for Markets in Disequilibrium***by*Fair, Ray C & Jaffee, Dwight M**515-528 Individual and Social Optimization in a Multiserver Queue with a General Cost-Benefit Structure***by*Knudsen, Niels Chr**529-547 The Estimation of Mixed Regression, Autoregression, Moving Average, and Distributed Lag Models***by*Hannan, E J & Nicholls, D F**549-563 Market Excess Demand Functions***by*Sonnenschein, Hugo**565-577 Econometric Estimation of Stochastic Differential Equation Systems***by*Wymer, C R**579-580 A Remark on the Core of an Atomless Economy***by*Schmeidler, David**581-583 A Second Remark on the Core of an Atomless Economy***by*Grodal, Birgit**585-586 A Third Remark on the Core of an Atomless Economy***by*Vind, Karl

### March 1972, Volume 40, Issue 2

**221-251 Lags in Economic Behavior***by*Nerlove, Marc**253-259 Finite State Space and Expected Utility Maximization***by*Stigum, Bernt P**261-275 The Exact Finite Sample Properties of the Estimators of Coefficients in the Error Components Regression Models***by*Swamy, P A V B & Arora, S S**277-287 Estimation of Term Premiums from Average Yield Differentials in the Term Structure of Interest Rates***by*Nelson, Charles R**289-303 Existence of Equilibrium of Plans, Prices, and Price Expectations in a Sequence of Markets***by*Radner, Roy**305-310 Asymptotic Covariance Matrix of Procedures for Linear Regression in the Presence of First- Order Autoregressive Disturbances***by*Cooper, J Phillip**311-326 Sectoral Elasticities of Substitution between Capital and Labor in a Developing Economy: Time Series Analysis in the Case of Postwar Chile***by*Behrman, Jere R**327-341 Limiting Functional Forms for Market Demand Curves***by*Ramsey, James B**343-360 An Investigation of the Consequences of Partial Aggregation of Micro-Economic Data***by*Feige, Edgar L & Watts, Harold W**361-370 Demand and Supply Functions for Money in the United States: Theory and Measurement***by*Gibson, William E**371-385 Assets, Contingent Commodities, and the Slutsky Equations***by*Fischer, Stanley**387-389 A Note on the Nonexistence of Optimal Price Vectors in the General Balanced-Growth Model of Gale***by*Hulsmann, J & Steinmetz, V**391-392 A Note on the Nonexistence of Optimal Price Vectors in the General Balanced-Growth Model of Gale: Comment***by*Gale, David**393-395 A Comment on the Consistency of Estimating the Inventory Impact of Defense Orders***by*Gramlich, Edward M & Galper, Harvey**397-399 A Reply to "A Comment on the Consistency of Estimating the Inventory Impact of Defense Orders."***by*Lee, Maw Lin**401-403 The Effect of the Timing of Consumption Decisions and the Resolution of Lotteries on the Choice of Lotteries***by*Spence, Michael & Zeckhauser, Richard J

### January 1972, Volume 40, Issue 1

**1-17 Econometrics and Decision Theory***by*Dreze, Jacques H**19-26 Information Lost in Aggregation: A Bayesian Approach***by*Kelejian, H H**27-41 Tatonnement Stability: An Econometric Approach***by*Allingham, M G**43-60 Timing of Innovations Under Rivalry***by*Kamien, Morton I & Schwartz, Nancy L**61-67 A Direct Proof of Arrow's Theorem***by*Blau, Julian H**69-86 Stochastic Implications of Orbital Asymptotic Stability of a Nonlinear Trade Cycle Model***by*Kosobud, Richard F & O'Neill, William D**87-98 More Stochastic Properties of the Klein-Goldberger Model***by*Bowden, Roger J**99-108 Upper Hemi-Continuity of the Equilibrium-Set Correspondence for Pure Exchange Economies***by*Hildenbrand, W & Mertens, J F**109-136 Population and Optimal Growth***by*Pitchford, John**137-146 Indices prospectifs quantitatifs et procedures decentralisees d'elaboration des plans. (With English summary.)***by*Younes, Yves**147-157 Social Preference Orderings and Majority Rule***by*Davis, Otto A & DeGroot, Morris H & Hinich, Melvin J**159-176 A Study of the Production Structure of the Indian Economy: An International Comparison***by*Santhanam, K V & Patil, R H**177-192 A Mean Demand Function and Individual Demand Functions Confronted with the Weak and the Strong Axioms of Revealed Preference: An Empirical Test***by*Mossin, Axel**193-199 Estimation of the Liquidity Trap with a Generalized Functional Form***by*White, Kenneth J**201-203 The Generalised Characteristic Equation of a Linear Dynamic System***by*Bowden, Roger J

### November 1971, Volume 39, Issue 6

**877-897 Optimal Savings Policy When Labor Grows Endogenously***by*Sato, Ryuzo & Davis, Eric G**899-910 The Use of Approximate Prior Distributions in a Bayesian Decision Model***by*Kihlstrom, Richard E**911-938 A Differential Game Model of Duopoly***by*Clemhout, S & Leitmann, G & Wan, H Y, Jr**939-953 The Likelihood Approach to Pooling Cross-Section and Time-Series Data***by*Maddala, G S**955-971 Optimum Growth and Allocation of Foreign Exchange***by*Bardhan, Pranab K**973-981 A Note on the Comparison of Ordinary and Two-Stage Least Squares Estimators***by*Richardson, David H & Wu, De-Min**983-995 Optimal Air Quality Standards***by*Kohn, Robert E**997-1008 Equilibrium Analysis of Exchange Economies with Indivisible Commodities***by*Dierker, Egbert**1009-1013 A Note on Interdependence as a Specification Error***by*Dreze, Jacques H & Strotz, Robert H**1015-1035 The Existence of International Trade Equilibrium with Trade Tax-Subsidy Distortions***by*Sontheimer, Kevin C**1037-1039 A General Definition of the Lorenz Curve***by*Gastwirth, Joseph L**1041-1042 An Old-New Measure of Income Inequality***by*Kondor, Yaakov**1043-1047 A Note on Distributed Lags with Rational Polynomial Generating Functions***by*Hause, John C**1049-1051 The Identification of Ratios of Parameters in Unidentified Equations***by*Kelly, Jerry S**1053-1054 Alternative Estimates of Capital-Labor Substitution in Manufacturing in Developing Economies: Comments on Professor Clague***by*Witte, Ann D**1055-1056 Alternative Estimates of Capital-Labor Substitution in Manufacturing in Developing Economies-Reply***by*Clague, Christopher K

### September 1971, Volume 39, Issue 5

**659-681 Investment Under Uncertainty***by*Lucas, Robert E, Jr & Prescott, Edward C**683-694 Congestion Tolls for Commercial Airports***by*Park, Rolla Edward**695-712 CRESH Production Functions***by*Hanoch, Giora**713-721 An Equivalence Theorem for the Core of an Economy Whose Atoms Are Not 'Too' Big***by*Gabszewicz, Jean Jaskold & Mertens, Jean-Francois**723-737 Comparison of k-Class Estimators when the Disturbances are Small***by*Kadane, Joseph B**739-750 Determinants of Negotiated Wage Increases: An Empirical Analysis***by*Sparks, Gordon R & Wilton, David A**751-765 The Identification Problem for Multiple Equation Systems with Moving Average Errors***by*Hannan, E J**767-771 A Non-convex Control Problem for the Competitive Firm***by*Thompson, Russell G & Hocking, R R & George, Melvin D**773-795 Development Strategy for a Medium-Sized Economy***by*Teubal, Morris**797-812 Random Walk of Stock Prices: A Test of the Variance-Time Function***by*Young, William E**813-827 Estimation of Net Social Benefits from Outdoor Recreation***by*Burt, Oscar R & Brewer, Durward**829-844 Some Statistical Models for Limited Dependent Variables with Application to the Demand for Durable Goods***by*Cragg, John G**845-855 The Rational Multivariate Flexible Accelerator***by*Treadway, Arthur B**857-859 The Strict Convexity of the Transformation Surface in Case of Linear Homogeneous Production Functions: A General Case***by*Khang, Chulsoon**861-864 Non-Linear Estimates of the Liquidity Trap***by*Eisner, Robert

### May 1971, Volume 39, Issue 3

**417-439 Equilibrium with Transaction Costs***by*Hahn, F H**441-454 Limit Pricing and Uncertain Entry***by*Kamien, Morton I & Schwartz, Nancy L**455-459 The Use of Undersized Samples in the Estimation of Simultaneous Equation Systems***by*Swamy, P A V B & Holmes, James M**461-465 Estimating a Structural Equation in a Large System***by*Fisher, Walter D & Wadycki, Walter J**467-499 A Convergent Pareto-Satisfactory Non-Tatonnement Adjustment Process for a Class of Unselfish Exchange Environments***by*Ledyard, John O**501-510 Regression with Non-Gaussian Stable Disturbances: Some Sampling Results***by*Blattberg, Robert & Sargent, Thomas J**511-529 Shiftable Versus Non-Shiftable Capital: A Synthesis***by*Weitzman, Martin L**531-544 Best Linear Minimum Bias Estimation in Linear Regression***by*Schonfeld, Peter**545-563 Discrete Approximations to Continuous Time Distributed Lags in Econometrics***by*Sims, Christopher A**565-576 Congestion Interdependence and Urban Transit Fares***by*Sherman, Roger**577-591 Identification in Parametric Models***by*Rothenberg, Thomas J**593-597 The Continuous Representation of a Social Preference Ordering***by*Kelly, Jerry S**599-624 Social Welfare Function and Social Indifference Surfaces***by*Inada, Ken-ichi**625-632 Solow Prices and the Dual Stability Paradox in the Leontief Dynamic System***by*Zaghini, Enrico**633-634 Solow Prices and the Dual Stability Paradox in the Leontief Dynamic System: Comment***by*Solow, Robert M**634-634 Solow Prices and the Dual Stability Paradox in the Leontief Dynamic System: A Reply***by*Zaghini, Enrico**635-639 A Minimum-Distance Interpretation of Limited-Information Estimation***by*Goldberger, Arthur S & Olkin, Ingram**641-644 Equilibrium in the Market for Land: Obtaining Spatial Distributions by Change of Variable***by*Blackburn, Anthony J

### March 1971, Volume 39, Issue 2

**197-217 Generalization of the Stolper-Samuelson Theorem***by*Uekawa, Yasuo**219-239 The Production Coefficient Matrix and the Stolper-Samuelson Condition***by*Inada, Ken-ichi**241-251 The Finite Sampling Distribution of Least Squares Estimators with Stochastic Regressors***by*Wegge, Leon L**253-271 Conditional Expected Utility***by*Luce, R Duncan & Krantz, David H**273-284 The Theory of Representative Majority Decision***by*Fishburn, Peter C**285-303 Money Supply and Economic Growth***by*Takahashi, Fusaji**305-307 Some Basic Problems on Excess Demand Functions***by*Hotaka, Ryosuke**309-339 The Output Limit Function in General and Convex Programming and the Theory of Production***by*Afriat, S N